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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 3:16-22

Moses is here more particularly instructed in his work, and informed beforehand of his success. 1. He must deal with the elders of Israel, and raise their expectation of a speedy removal to Canaan, Exod. 3:16, 17. He must repeat to them what God had said to him, as a faithful ambassador. Note, That which ministers have received of the Lord they must deliver to his people, and keep back nothing that is profitable. Lay an emphasis on that, Exod. 3:17: ?I have said, I will bring you up; that is... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:19

And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go ,.... Or "but" F3 אני "ego autem", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "sed ego", V. L. "I am sure", &c.; though so reasonable a request was made him, yet it would not be granted; this is observed to them, that they might not be discouraged when he should refuse to dismiss them, which the omniscient God knew beforehand, and acquaints them with it, that, when it came to pass, they might be induced to believe that the mission... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:19

I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand - When the facts detailed in this history have been considered in connection with the assertion as it stands in our Bibles, the most palpable contradiction has appeared. That the king of Egypt did let them go, and that by a mighty hand, the book itself amply declares. We should therefore seek for another meaning of the original word. ולא velo , which generally means and not, has sometimes the meaning of if... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:19

Verse 19 19.And I am sure that the king of Egypt. God forearms his people, lest, suffering a repulse at their first onset, they should retire, and abandon in despair the work enjoined to them. It was, indeed, a hard thing to hear that their expedition would be vain; and that they might as well address themselves to the trunk of a tree, since there was no hope of reaching the obstinate heart of Pharaoh; but they would have been much more discouraged by this trial, if his stubbornness had been... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:1-22

THE MISSION OF MOSES . After forty years of monotonous pastoral life, affording abundant opportunity for meditation, and for spiritual communion with God, and when he had attained to the great age of eighty years, and the hot blood of youth had given place to the calm serenity of advanced life, God at last revealed Himself to Moses "called him" ( Exodus 3:4 ), and gave him a definite mission. The present chapter is' intimately connected with the next. Together, they contain an... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:16-22

The two messages. I. THE MESSAGE TO THE ELDERS OF ISRAEL ( Exodus 3:16-18 ). Moses was to go first to the elders of the people. First—before he went to Pharaoh; and first—before communicating with any of the people. This arrangement was— 1 . Necessary. The people's consent must be obtained to their own deliverance. God would have them co-operate with him— This applies to the higher Redemption. Men cannot be saved without their own consent. We must, in the sense... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:18-22

The coming liberation: God indicates the method of it. In this conversation between God and Moses, recorded in chaps, 3. and 4; we observe that God is occupied with something more than simply answering the questions of Moses. Answering these questions, he then goes on to give his own instructions besides. God's instructions to us, for right service, do not depend on our questions. These must be answered, that stumblingblocks may be taken out of the way; but when they are removed, then we... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:18-22

I. THE REMOVAL OF MOSES ' FEAR . His mission will be successful. 1 . He will win the people's trust for God. They will not refuse to hear. 2 . Their elders will accompany him into Pharaoh's presence: his request will become the people's. 3 . The Lord will lead them out laden with the spoils of Egypt. Going on God's errand there is no possibility of failure. The fears which rise as we measure the greatness of the task and our own strength vanish when we look up into the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:19

I am sure . Literally, " I know," a better rendering, since, " I am sure" implies something leas than knowledge. No, not by a mighty hand . Or "not even by a mighty hand." Pharaoh will not be willing to let you go even when my mighty hand is laid upon him. (See Exodus 8:15 , Exodus 8:19 , Exodus 8:32 ; Exodus 9:12 , Exodus 9:35 ; Exodus 10:20 , Exodus 10:27 .) "But by strong hand" ( marg. ) is a rendering which the rules of grammar do not permit. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:19-20

Pharaoh's obduracy, and God's mode of overcoming it. There are stubborn hearts which no warnings can impress, no lessons teach, no pleading, even of God's Spirit, bond. With such he "will not always strive." After they have resisted him till his patience is exhausted, he will break them, crush them; overrule their opposition, and make it futile. God's will surely triumphs in the end. But it may be long first. God is so patient, so enduring, so long-suffering, that he will permit for... read more

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