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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:1-9

Here we have, I. The orders which David gave to Joab to number the people of Israel and Judah, 2 Sam. 24:1, 2. Two things here seem strange:?1. The sinfulness of this. What harm was there in it? Did not Moses twice number the people without any crime? Does not political arithmetic come in among the other policies of a prince? Should not the shepherd know the number of his sheep? Does not the Son of David know all his own by name? Might not he make good use of this calculation? What evil has he... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:4

Notwithstanding the king's word prevailed against Joab, and against the captains of the host ,.... Who it seems were of the same mind with Joab, and were against numbering the people, yet their arguments and remonstrances were of no avail with the king; he was determined it should be done, and laid his commands upon them to do it, which they were obliged to comply with: and Joab and the captains of the host went out from the presence of the king, to number the people of Israel ; seeing... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:1-9

The facts are: 1 . On account of some transgressions, God, being angry with Israel, permits some one to incite David to number the people. 2 . David, on issuing his commands to Joab, is met with a remonstrance from him and the captains of the host. 3 . But the king persisting in his desire, Joab and his officers and men apply themselves to the work, and at the end of nine months and twenty days return the number of men capable of serving in war at 1,300,000. The difficulties... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:3-4

( 1 Chronicles 21:3 , 1 Chronicles 21:4 ).—( THE ROYAL COUNCIL CHAMBER .) Unheeded remonstrance. This was not the first time that Joab remonstrated with David ( 2 Samuel 3:24 ; 2 Samuel 19:5 ); but his manner was now very different from what it had been before; arising, perhaps, from his recollection of the consequences of his former rudeness ( 2 Samuel 19:13 ), and his fear of the displeasure of the king, whose authority was fully restored. His remonstrance appears to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:4

The captains of the host. The matter was not undertaken without a council being held, and at it David's chief officers agreed with Joab; but David had made up his mind, and would take no advice. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 24:3-4

2 Samuel 24:3-4. And Joab said, Now the Lord thy God add unto the people, &c. Thus we see that this action of David was thought a very wrong step, even by Joab himself, who remonstrated against it, as apprehensive of the bad consequences that might attend it: and therefore Joab counted not Levi and Benjamin, (1 Chronicles 21:6,) because the king’s word was abominable to him. Probably we do not understand all the circumstances of this affair; but Joab’s sense of it, who was no... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:1-25

The census and its outcome (24:1-25)Israel’s increasing power and prosperity under David may have given David and his people feelings of self-praise, as if they, and not God, had been the cause of this growth. God saw that the time had come to awaken Israel to this sin. Therefore, God allowed Satan to suggest to David that he take a census of the people. David’s pride in his growing nation was apparently what made the suggestion seem such a good idea, but God was going to use the event to... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - 2 Samuel 24:1-9

1. David’s sin of numbering the people 24:1-9David probably ordered this census about 975 B.C."After the revolutions of both Absalom and Sheba it would have been reasonable for David to reassess his military situation against the possibility of similar uprisings or other emergencies." [Note: Merrill, Kingdom of . . ., p. 272.] In support of this hypothesis is the fact that Joab and the army commanders were able to take over nine months to gather the population statistics (2 Samuel 24:8). This... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 24:1-25

The Numbering of the People, and its PenaltyIn punishment for David’s sin in numbering the people, God sends a pestilence, which slays 70,000 men. In gratitude for the stay of the plague, David erects an altar in the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite.1. Again] This refers to the former occasion mentioned in 2 Samuel 21. He moved] Chronicles states that ’Satan.. provoked David.’ The older account does not enter into the distinction between what God permits and what God causes. This... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - 2 Samuel 24:1-25

Let Me Fall Into the Hands of the Lord 2 Samuel 24:14 I. 'I am in a great strait.' How often we have all of us had to say that! Sometimes by our own sin, as David now; sometimes only by our own misfortune. But to whom did David say it? for that makes all the difference as to whether he said it wisely or foolishly. He asked the question of Gad, God's prophet; but mark you, David's seer, as it says also the man who was the Lord's ambassador to David, and the man who also knew David best. We have... read more

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