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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 19:16-25

Now, at length, comes that memorable day, that terrible day of the Lord, that day of judgment, in which Israel heard the voice of the Lord God speaking to them out of the midst of the fire, and lived, Deut. 4:33. Never was there such a sermon preached, before nor since, as this which was here preached to the church in the wilderness. For, I. The preacher was God himself (Exod. 19:18): The Lord descended in fire, and (Exod. 19:20), The Lord came down upon mount Sinai. The shechinah, or glory of... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 19:21

And the Lord said unto Moses, go down ,.... As soon as he was got to the top of the mount he was bid to go down again to the bottom, with a message to the people: charge the people, lest they break through unto the Lord to gaze ; to see if they could observe any similitude or likeness of God, that they might have an idea of it in their minds, or make an image like unto it; to prevent which, the Lord, knowing the vanity and curiosity of their minds, ordered Moses to give them a strict... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 19:21

Verse 21 21.And the Lord said unto Moses. By God’s command the same prohibition is repeated, that the people should not pass over the bounds, because, without doubt, it was not enough to have forbidden them once, as we may gather from the reply of Moses; for he thought that since they were all admonished, there was no necessity for a new prohibition. But God insists with greater vehemence, and again with threatenings, orders them to be charged that they take diligent heed to themselves. He... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:7-25

The revelation of Jehovah. I. WHAT IS DEMANDED ERE THE REVELATION CAN BE IMPARTED . 1 . The will must be surrendered to God, "All that the Lord hath spoken we will do" ( Exodus 19:8 ). 2 . The filthiness of the past must be put away; "Sanctify them" ( Exodus 19:10 ). There must be loathing of, and separation from, sin. 3 . There must be a sense of the distance sin has put between the soul and God; "Take heed to yourselves that ye go not up into the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:9-25

The manifestation of God's glory at Sinai. I. THE PURPOSE OF THIS MANIFESTATION . God made this purpose known beforehand; and it was that the people who saw and heard these dreadful phenomena might believe Moses for ever, might permanently acknowledge his authority as a messenger and representative of God. When Moses was at Sinai before and then entrusted with a Divine message to Israel, he urged it as one of his difficulties that Israel would not believe him. "They will say,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:10-25

The mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire ( Hebrews 12:18 ). It is interesting to observe that, with the latter part of this chapter, we enter on an entirely new phase in the history of God's revelation of himself to Israel. Terror enough there has been in the previous portions of the book—terror and "a mighty hand"—awful manifestations of God's power and holiness; but towards Israel there has been displayed only benignity and fatherly affection. Their wants have been... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 19:21

Charge the people lest they break through — i.e; "lest they force a passage through the barrier made by Moses" in accordance with the command given in Exodus 19:12 . And many of them perish . Irreverent gazing on holy things was forbidden by the law ( Numbers 4:20 ), and on one occasion ( 1 Samuel 6:19 ) was actually punished with death. It did not, however, require a law to make it an offence, natural reason being quite sufficient to teach the duty of reverence. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 19:1-25

19:1-24:18 MAKING OF THE COVENANTIsrael at Mount Sinai (19:1-25)The arrival of the people at Mount Sinai marked the fulfilment of the promise God made to Moses on the occasion of the burning bush (see 3:12). The journey from Egypt took three months and was accomplished solely by God’s power and care. Long before the nation of Israel existed, God chose it to be his people and he confirmed this choice in a covenant made with Abraham. He then guided the history of Abraham’s descendants to bring... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 19:21-25

"And Jehovah said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto Jehovah to gaze, and many of them perish. And let the priests also, that come near to Jehovah, sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break forth upon them. And Moses said unto Jehovah, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai; for thou didst charge us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. And Jehovah said unto him, Go, get thee down; and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee, but let not... read more

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