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Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 5:1-23

5:1-15:21 DELIVERANCE FROM EGYPTMoses’ first meeting with Pharaoh (5:1-6:27)In the eyes of the Israelites, Moses’ first meeting with Pharaoh was a disaster. Pharaoh had no fear of Yahweh and no concern for Yahweh’s people. In fact, when Moses asked to take his people into the wilderness to offer sacrifices to Yahweh, Pharaoh responded by accusing the Israelites of laziness and making their work harder (5:1-14). This not only increased the suffering of the Israelites but also caused them to turn... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 5:10-14

"And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. Go yourselves, get you straw where ye can find it; for naught of your work shall be diminished. So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. And the taskmasters were urgent saying, Fulfill your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw. And the officers of the children of Israel, whom... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Exodus 5:13

Exodus 5:13. The taskmasters hasted them, &c.— Bad men will usually find bad instruments to serve them. The taskmasters severely urge the people: and though, without straw, it was impossible to fulfil their tale of bricks, they are beaten. What a blessing is liberty ! How highly should we value it? read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Exodus 5:13

13-19. And the taskmasters hasted them . . . officers . . . beaten—As the nearest fields were bared and the people had to go farther for stubble, it was impossible for them to meet the demand by the usual tale of bricks. "The beating of the officers is just what might have been expected from an Eastern tyrant, especially in the valley of the Nile, as it appears from the monuments, that ancient Egypt, like modern China, was principally governed by the stick" [TAYLOR]. "The mode of beating was by... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 5:11-21

Stubble was the part of the corn or grain stalk that remained standing after field hands had harvested a crop (Exodus 5:12). This the Israelites chopped up and mixed with the clay to strengthen their bricks."In Exodus 2:23 the cry of the people went up before God. By contrast, here in Exodus 5:15 the cry of the people is before Pharaoh. It is as if the author wants to show that Pharaoh was standing in God’s way and thus provides another motivation for the plagues which follow." [Note:... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 5:1-23

Increase of the Oppression1. Pharaoh] probably P. Merenptah. See on Exodus 1:8. His court may have been at Zoan or Tanis during the events that ensued: cp. Psalms 78:12, Psalms 78:43; The Lord God of Israel] Heb. ’Jehovah the God of Israel’: see on Exodus 3:13, Exodus 3:18. Similarly in the next v. Pharaoh says, ’Who is Jehovah?.. I know not Jehovah.’ Jehovah not being known and worshipped in Egypt, Pharaoh does not acknowledge His right to command him. 3. See on Exodus 3:18. 4. Let the people]... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Exodus 5:13

(13) The taskmasters hasted them.—The Egyptian monuments show us foreign labourers engaged in brick-making under Egyptian overseers, or “taskmasters,” who are armed with sticks, and “haste” the labourers whenever they cease work for the purpose of resting themselves. The overseers are represented as continually saying to the workpeople, “Work without faintness.” (See Wilkinson, in Rawlinson’s Herodotus, vol. ii. p. 214.)As when there was straw.—Heb., as when there, was the straw—i.e., as. when... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Exodus 5:1-23

Exodus 5:1 Compare these sentences from Mrs. H. B. Stowe's appeal to the women of England in 1862: 'The writer of this has been present at a solemn religious festival in the national capital, given at the home of a portion of those fugitive slaves who have fled to our lines for protection who, under the shadow of our flag, find sympathy and succour. The national day of thanksgiving was there kept by over a thousand redeemed slaves, and for whom Christian charity had spread an ample repast. Our... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Exodus 5:1-23

CHAPTER V.PHARAOH REFUSES.Exodus 5:1-23.After forty years of obscurity and silence, Moses re-enters the magnificent halls where he had formerly turned his back upon so great a place. The rod of a shepherd is in his hand, and a lowly Hebrew by his side. Men who recognise him shake their heads, and pity or despise the fanatic who had thrown away the most dazzling prospects for a dream. But he has long since made his choice, and whatever misgivings now beset him have regard to his success with... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Exodus 5:1-23

3. Moses and Aaron in Egypt CHAPTERS 4:29-5:23 Before the Elders and Before Pharaoh 1. Before the elders of Israel (Exodus 4:29-31 ) 2. Before Pharaoh, and his answer (Exodus 5:1-4 ) 3. The increased oppression (Exodus 5:5-19 ) 4. Israel ‘s complaint and Moses’ prayer (Exodus 5:20-23 ) The people were willing and believed. Notice they believed after the signs were done. Faith was followed by worship. It is almost a constitutional thing with the Jew to see first and then believe.... read more

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