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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Kings 22:41-53

Here is, I. A short account of the reign of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, of which we shall have a much fuller narrative in the book of Chronicles, and of the greatness and goodness of that prince, neither of which was lessened or sullied by any thing but his intimacy with the house of Ahab, which, upon several accounts, was a diminution to him. His confederacy with Ahab in war we have already found dangerous to him, and his confederacy with Ahaziah his son in trade sped no better. He offered to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Kings 22:49

Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat ,.... Who very probably had built some more ships on his own, having broke off his partnership with Ahaziah: let my servants go with thy servants in the ships ; since he was refused a part in the ships themselves, he desires leave to send men aboard them to traffic for him abroad: but Jehoshaphat would not ; having been reproved by a prophet of the Lord, and had suffered the loss of his ships by joining with him already. read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Kings 22:49

But Jehoshaphat would not - It appears from the above cited place in Chronicles that Jehoshaphat did join in making and sending ships to Tharshish, and it is possible that what is here said is spoken of a second expedition, in which Jehoshaphat would not join Ahaziah. But instead of אבה ולא velo abah , "he would not," perhaps we should read אבה ולו velo abah , "he consented to him;" two words pronounced exactly in the same way, and differing but in one letter, viz., an א ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 22:39-53

Survival. After the account of Ahab's death and burial, and of the manner in which the dogs of Samaria fulfilled the prophecy of Elijah, the earlier verses of our text follow. In the first of these the reader is referred to the archives of the nation for an account of the "rest of the Ac" and works of this monarch, viz; those to which inspiration was not here specially directed. In the second, the succession of Ahaziah is mentioned. With these verses, because of the unity of the subject,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 22:41-50

Jehoshaphat. These words give a summary of the life of this king of Judah, and faithfully record, as the Scriptures do to admiration, the good and the bad, as these will be considered in the judgment of the great day. Consider— I. THE PRAISE OF JEHOSHAPHAT . 1 . He came of a good stock . 2 . He improved his advantages . 3 . This was to his praise . II. THE BLAME OF JEHOSHAPHAT . This seems all to have been connected with the "peace" which he made... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 22:41-53

Two Life Stories. I. JEHOSHAPHAT 'S. 1 . He prolonged the good influence of his father ' s reign . Judah's thought was still kept under the light of truth, and its life more fully led into the ways of God: he completed his father's reforms ( 1 Kings 22:46 ). The continuance of God s work anywhere is as important as the origination of it. 2 . He was consistent . "He turned not aside from it." He did not merely begin well; over his whole reign there rested the Divine... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 22:49

Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants In the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not. [But we are told in 2 Chronicles 20:37 that the ships were broken, according to a prophecy of Eliezer, the son of Dodavah, because Jehoshaphat had joined himself with Ahaziah. The explanation is that the fleet had been built by the two kings conjointly, and manned by the subjects of Jehoshaphat exclusively; and that, after the disaster, Ahaziah proposed either... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 1 Kings 22:49

2 Chronicles 20:35-36, explains that the two kings conjointly built the fleet with which the Ophir trade (1 Kings 9:28 note) was to be re-opened. Ahaziah had thus an interest in the ships; and when they were wrecked, attributing, as it would seem, the calamity to the unskillfulness of his ally’s mariners, he proposed that the fleet should be manned in part by Israelite sailors - men probably accustomed to the sea, perhaps trained at Tyre. This proposal Jehoshaphat refused, either offended at... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 1 Kings 22:49

1 Kings 22:49. Jehoshaphat would not He had contracted an amity with this king, and engaged himself so far, as to permit him to join with him in this navy, 2 Chronicles 20:35. But, being chastised, and better instructed by his ill success, and the breaking of the ships, and being reproved for his sin in joining with him, by a prophet, he would not be persuaded to repeat it, or to continue this league with him. read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - 1 Kings 22:49

1 Kings 22:49. But Jehoshaphat would not— In the parallel place, 2 Chronicles 20:36-37. Jehoshaphat is blamed by the prophet for having joined himself with Ahaziah in building ships. Commentators endeavour by various methods to solve this difficulty. Houbigant reads it, אבה ולו velo abah, he consented. Or, rather we might say, that Jehoshaphat at first consented; but afterwards, being warned by a prophet, he corrected his error, 1 Kings 22:49. read more

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