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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 43:15-25

Jacob's sons, having got leave to take Benjamin with them, were observant of the orders their father had given them, and went down the second time into Egypt to buy corn. If we should ever know what a famine of the word means, let us not think it much to travel as far for spiritual food as they did for corporal food. Now here we have an account of what passed between them and Joseph's steward, who, some conjecture, was in the secret, and knew them to be Joseph's brethren, and helped to humour... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 43:25

And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon ,.... They took it out of their vessels or bags in which they brought it, having unladen their asses, and disposed of it in a proper manner to present it to him when he came home at noon to dine: for they heard that they should eat bread there ; dine there, bread being put for all provision: this was told them, very probably, by the steward, or by some of the servants in the house, or they overheard what Joseph said to the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 43:25

Verse 25 25.Against Joseph came at noon-day. It is doubtful whether this was the ordinary hour of dining among the Egyptians, or whether Joseph, on that day, sat down earlier than he was accustomed to do, on account of his guests. It is, however, most likely that the usual custom of dining was observed. Although, among the people of the East, there might be a different manner of living, dinners were in use, not only among the Egyptians, but also in Judea, and in other neighboring regions. Yet... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:1-34

The second visit of Joseph's brethren to Egypt. I. The. SCENE IN JACOB 'S HOUSE AT HEBRON ( Genesis 43:1-15 ). 1. The second journey proposed . " Go again, buy us a little food." It was necessitated by the long continuance of the famine, and the complete consumption of the corn they had brought from Egypt on the previous occasion. 2. The second journey agreed on . 3. The second journey prepared for ( Genesis 43:11-13 ). Since it was inevitable... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:1-34

Lessons of life. I. The chief lesson of this chapter is the MINGLING TOGETHER OF THE PROVIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT OF GOD WITH HIS PURPOSE OF GRACE . It was part of the Divine plan that Jacob and his family should be settled for a long period in Egypt. It could only be brought about by the transference in some way of the point of attraction to Jacob's heart from Canaan to the strange land. Hence c, Jacob" is now "Israel," reminding us how the future is involved in all the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 43:25

And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there . This must have been communicated to them after they had entered Joseph's palace, since they had obviously not learnt it upon the way thither ( vide supra, Genesis 43:18 ). read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 43:1-34

- Joseph and His Eleven Brethren11. דבשׁ debash, “honey,” from the bee, or sirup from the juice of the grape. בטנים bôṭen, “pistachio nuts.” שׁקד shâqêd, “almond tree;” related: “awake.” The tree is also called לוּז lûz. Some refer the former to the fruit, the latter to the tree.The eleven brothers are now to bow down before Joseph.Genesis 43:1-10The famine was severe. The pressure began to be felt more and more. The twelve households had at length consumed all the corn they had purchased,... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 43:1-34

Joseph and his brothers (42:1-45:28)When Joseph’s brothers came to Egypt to buy grain, Joseph recognized them but they did not recognize him (42:1-8). Rather than make himself known to them immediately, Joseph decided to test them to see if they had experienced any change of heart over the years. Joseph was not looking for revenge. His apparently harsh treatment of them, mixed with kindness, was designed to stir their consciences. They realized they were being punished for their unjust... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Genesis 43:25

bread. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species). App-6 . Bread put for all kinds of food. read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Genesis 43:22-25

"And the other money have we brought down in our hand to buy food: we know not who put our money in our sacks. And he said, Peace be to you, fear not, your God, and the God of your father hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them. And the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender. And they made ready the present against Joseph's coming at noon: for they heard that... read more

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