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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:10-47

We have here an account of David's worthies, the great men of his time that served him and were preferred by him. The first edition of this catalogue we had, 2 Sam. 23:8-39 This is much the same, only that those named here from 1 Chron. 11:41-47 to the end are added. Observe, I. The connexion of this catalogue with that which is said concerning David, 1 Chron. 11:9. 1. David waxed greater and greater, and these were his mighty men. Much of the strength and honour of great men is borrowed from... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:26-41

These verses correspond with 1 Chronicles 11:24-39 in 2 Samuel 23:1-39 ; and with them the subject ends there, though not here. The list announced here as comprising "the valiant men of the armies," is unannounced there, but, beginning with the same name, Asahel , it calls him "one of the thirty," and suggests the inference that those who follow will make up the rest. The number that follows (coinciding in this respect strictly with our list here) is itself thirty, which, though one too... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:39

Zelek the Ammonite ,… the Berothite. Among David's great men were evidently numbered some foreigners, whose admiration and fidelity he must have won. Hence the mention ( 1 Chronicles 11:38 ) of Zobah, and here of the Ammonite ( 2 Samuel 8:12 ; 2 Samuel 12:26-31 ), the Beerothite (Beeroth, originally a Hivite city, Joshua 9:17 , fell to the lot of Benjamin, Joshua 18:25 ; to it belonging Rimmon and his two sons, Reehab and Baanah, possibly native Canaanites, the murderers of... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:1-47

David made king (11:1-12:40)It seems clear that the writer of Chronicles assumes that his readers have already read the books of Samuel and Kings. (In this commentary also it is assumed that the reader has read these books. For further details see notes and maps at the relevant places in Samuel and Kings, and the appendix at the end of Chronicles.)In view of his readers’ assumed knowledge, the Chronicler makes no attempt to record events that have little to do with his central purpose. For... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - 1 Chronicles 11:39

39. Naharai—armorbearer to Joab (2 Samuel 23:37). The non-occurrence of Joab's name in any of the three catalogues is most probably to be accounted for by the circumstance that his office as commander-in-chief raised him to a position superior to all these orders of military knighthood. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - 1 Chronicles 11:10-40

C. David’s Mighty Men 11:10-12:40This list of great warriors reflects the greatness of David. People know something about a man or woman by the company he or she keeps. The writer identified three groups: the chiefs among David’s mighty men (1 Chronicles 11:10-25), the mighty men in David’s army (1 Chronicles 11:26-47), and the mighty men who joined David at Ziklag (ch. 12).There are several discrepancies between the numbers in Chronicles and those in parallel passages in Samuel, Kings, and... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Chronicles 11:1-47

David’s Coronation at Hebron and his Capture of ZionThe writer, though mentioning David’s crowning at Hebron, omits all description of his 7 years’ reign there, and in this chapter unites with some variations and additions two sections of 2 S, viz. 2 Samuel 5:1-10 and 2 Samuel 23:8-39.6. So Joab, etc.] This is an addition to the account in 2 Samuel 5:8.10. Strengthened themselves] better, ’exerted themselves.’11. The chief of the captains] another reading is ’chief of the thirty’: cp. 1... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 1 Chronicles 11:10-44

(10-44) X list of the warriors who helped David to win and maintain his kingdom. This catalogue answers to that of 2 Samuel 23:8-39, which, however, breaks off with Uriah the Hittite; whereas our text communicates sixteen additional names. This fact proves that the chronicler had either a fuller source, or a different recension of Samuel. The numerous variant spellings are in general mistakes of transcription. read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 1 Chronicles 11:26-47

(26-47) A catalogue of forty-eight “doughty warriors.” Sixteen names are here added to the list as given in Samuel. The chronicler, therefore, possessed a source more complete than our Book of Samuel. Variations of spelling abound in the names common to the two texts, the transcription of proper names being especially liable to error. read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 1 Chronicles 11:39

(39) Zelek the Ammonite.—Many of David’s warriors were aliens. (Comp. “Uriah the Hittite;” “Ittai the Gittite;” and “Ithmah the Moabite,” 1 Chronicles 11:46.Berothite.—Of Beeroth in Benjamin (Joshua 18:25). read more

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