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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:10-47

We have here an account of David's worthies, the great men of his time that served him and were preferred by him. The first edition of this catalogue we had, 2 Sam. 23:8-39 This is much the same, only that those named here from 1 Chron. 11:41-47 to the end are added. Observe, I. The connexion of this catalogue with that which is said concerning David, 1 Chron. 11:9. 1. David waxed greater and greater, and these were his mighty men. Much of the strength and honour of great men is borrowed from... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:41-47

These verses are assisted by no parallel, either in the Book of Samuel or elsewhere. Of the sixteen names which they contain,not a few are to be found elsewhere, yet not as designating the same persons. Also, while the Reubenite and the Gentile nouns Ashterathite and Aroerite are at once recognized, the Mithnite , Tizite , Mahavite , and Mesobaite are not traceable elsewhere, the plural form of the last but one being an additional source of obscurity. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:42

Thirty with him . The Hebrew preposition here translated "with" appears thus, זְעָלָיו , and will naturally translate "and in addition to him." As he was a captain, this addendum may probably refer to those over whom he was captain, and whom he brought in his train, and who were possibly themselves officers. As the writer of Chronicles indicates no difference, nor any sense of a change of persons enumerated, when he has reached ( 1 Chronicles 11:41 ) Uriah the Hittite, it would all the... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 1 Chronicles 11:41-42

1 Chronicles 11:41-42. Uriah the Hittite The last of that catalogue in 2 Samuel 23:39. But here some others are added to the number, because though they were not of the thirty, yet they were men of great valour and renown among David’s commanders. Thirty with him Thirty captains, who were under him as their colonel. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 1 Chronicles 11:1-47

David made king (11:1-12:40)It seems clear that the writer of Chronicles assumes that his readers have already read the books of Samuel and Kings. (In this commentary also it is assumed that the reader has read these books. For further details see notes and maps at the relevant places in Samuel and Kings, and the appendix at the end of Chronicles.)In view of his readers’ assumed knowledge, the Chronicler makes no attempt to record events that have little to do with his central purpose. For... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - 1 Chronicles 11:42

1 Chronicles 11:42. And thirty with him— Though the author of the book of Samuel concludes with Uriah, the last of the thirty-seven, yet the author of this book adds fifteen warriors more. These fifteen are, undoubtedly, recorded because they were brave men; and we may fairly presume that they were recorded after the thirty-seven, because their bravery was not equally eminent and serviceable. As the thirty were inferior to the seven, to the captain-general, and to the three generals of the two... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Chronicles 11:1-47

David’s Coronation at Hebron and his Capture of ZionThe writer, though mentioning David’s crowning at Hebron, omits all description of his 7 years’ reign there, and in this chapter unites with some variations and additions two sections of 2 S, viz. 2 Samuel 5:1-10 and 2 Samuel 23:8-39.6. So Joab, etc.] This is an addition to the account in 2 Samuel 5:8.10. Strengthened themselves] better, ’exerted themselves.’11. The chief of the captains] another reading is ’chief of the thirty’: cp. 1... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 1 Chronicles 11:10-44

(10-44) X list of the warriors who helped David to win and maintain his kingdom. This catalogue answers to that of 2 Samuel 23:8-39, which, however, breaks off with Uriah the Hittite; whereas our text communicates sixteen additional names. This fact proves that the chronicler had either a fuller source, or a different recension of Samuel. The numerous variant spellings are in general mistakes of transcription. read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 1 Chronicles 11:26-47

(26-47) A catalogue of forty-eight “doughty warriors.” Sixteen names are here added to the list as given in Samuel. The chronicler, therefore, possessed a source more complete than our Book of Samuel. Variations of spelling abound in the names common to the two texts, the transcription of proper names being especially liable to error. read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 1 Chronicles 11:42

(42) A captain of the Reubenites (or, chief; Heb., head) and thirty with him (besides him).—Literally, upon him. So LXX. Syriac reads “and he was commanding thirty men,” which gives the apparent meaning of the verse. If, as seems likely, the “thirty” were the officers of David’s guard of six hundred warriors (1 Samuel 23:13; 1 Samuel 30:10; 2 Samuel 15:18), called “the mighty men,” or heroes (2 Samuel 10:7; 2 Samuel 20:7; 1 Kings 1:8). each captain would lead about twenty men. Adina’s corps is... read more

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