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John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - 1 John 3:1

Verse 1 1Behold The second argument is from the dignity and excellency of our calling; for it was not common honor, he says, that the heavenly Father bestowed on us, when he adopted us as his children. This being so great a favor, the desire for purity ought to be kindled in us, so as to be conformed to his image; nor, indeed, can it be otherwise, but that he who acknowledges himself to be one of God’s children should purify himself. And to make this exhortation more forcible, he amplifies the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - 1 John 3:2

Verse 2 2Now are we the sons of God He comes now to what every one knows and feels himself; for though the ungodly may not entice us to give up our hope, yet our present condition is very short of the glow of God’s children; for as to our body we are dust and a shadow, and death is always before our eyes; we are also subject to thousand miseries, and the soul is exposed to innumerable evils; so that we find always a hell within us. The more necessary it is that all our thoughts should be... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - 1 John 3:3

Verse 3 3And every man that hath this hope He now draws this inference, that the desire for holiness should not grow cold in us, because our happiness has not as yet appeared, for that hope is sufficient; and we know that what is hoped for is as yet hid. The meaning then is, that though we have not Christ now present before our eyes, yet if we hope in him, it cannot be but that this hope will excite and stimulate us to follow purity, for it leads us straight to Christ, whom we know to be a... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 John 3:1

Behold what manner of love! ποταπός ; literally, "of what country," in the New Testament always implies amazement; but, as the original meaning leads us to expect, it implies marvelous quality rather than marvelous size. Love must be taken literally: the Divine love itself, and not a mere proof of it, has been given. ποταπὴν ἀγάπην strikes the key-note of the whole section. "And the goal of this love ἵνα is that once for all (aorist) we have received the title 'children... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 John 3:1

"Behold what manner of love!" Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us," etc.! The "behold" summons our attention to the kind of love which God has given to us. It is not the greatness of the love, but the "manner of love," that we are called to contemplate. And the nature of this love is to be inferred from its expression; hence St. John says "that we should be called children of God." God has bestowed his love upon us; not simply the gifts of it, or the proof of it,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 John 3:1-2

"What manner of love!" Connecting link: The apostle has just spoken about being "born of God." This suggests the thought that, if born of God, then are we children! A relation so near and dear, a privilege so great, inspires him with a rapturous joy. He lingers exultingly on the thought, and calls on his fellow-believers to contemplate it as an amazing proof of the love of God. Whence our topic— So great love an object for adoring contemplation. There are some texts which... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 John 3:1-3

The Divine birth is the outcome of the Divine love. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 John 3:1-12

Righteousness and sin in relation to children of God. I. RIGHTEOUSNESS INSEPARABLE FROM BEING CHILDREN OF GOD . 1 . -Present inner nature. 2 . Future glory. 3 . Action in view of the future. "And every one that hath this hope set on him purifieth himself, even as he [that One] is pure." The future glory is a matter of hope to us, arising out of our present consciousness of sonship, our present experience of assimilation to God. It is a hope that rests for... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 John 3:2

Beloved, now are we children of God, and it is not yet made manifest (or, it never yet was manifested ) what we shall be. The emphatic νῦν is in opposition to οὔπω : our present state is known; our future remains still unrevealed. Again ( 1 John 2:27 , 1 John 2:29 ), we are in doubt about the construction. What is the nominative to "shall be manifested" φανερωθῇ , "he" or "it"? The context is strongly in favour of "it," i.e., "if it shall be manifested what we shall... read more

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