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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Kings 11:14-25

While Solomon kept closely to God and to his duty there was no adversary nor evil occurrent (1 Kgs. 5:4), nothing to create him any disturbance or uneasiness in the least; but here we have an account of two adversaries that appeared against him, inconsiderable, and that could not have done any thing worth taking notice of if Solomon had not first made God his enemy. What hurt could Hadad or Rezon have done to so great and powerful a king as Solomon was if he had not, by sin, made himself mean... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Kings 11:15

For it came to pass, when David was in Edom ,.... Fighting with the Edomites, and subduing them, and putting garrisons in the land, 2 Samuel 8:14 . and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain : the Israelites that fell in battle, or whom the Edomites afterwards, through stratagem and surprise, fell upon in their garrisons and destroyed, and which caused Joab to go thither to bury them, and take vengeance on the Edomites for it; or these were the Edomites slain by... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Kings 11:15

Was gone up to bury the slain - The slain Edomites; for Joab had in the course of six months exterminated all the males, except Hadad and his servants, who escaped to Egypt. Instead of bury the slain, the Targum has to take the spoils of the slain. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 11:14-25

Premonitions of Wrath. Though the full weight of the judgment of God upon the sin of Solomon was not to come upon him in his lifetime, yet did he not, in this world, go altogether without punishment. The foreknowledge of the evils to come upon his family and people was in itself a heavy affliction. But in addition to this, the evening of his days was doomed to be disturbed. To this end— I. GOD STIRRED UP ADVERSARIES AGAINST HIM . 1 . In themselves these were... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 11:14-25

The Divine Chastisements. I. CHASTISEMENT IS MERCY . Though the judgment was kept back, Solomon was meanwhile made to feel the rod of correction. We may be forgiven and yet chastised—yea, chastised because we are forgiven. "Whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth," etc. This, too, was mercy, for— 1 . It was fitted to lead him to seek God in truth . It is easier to feel and confess our folly and sin in adversity than when all is well with us, 2 . It revealed to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Kings 11:15

For it came to pass, when David was in Edom [ 2 Samuel 8:14 . But the text is peculiar. Instead of "in Edom" we have "with Edom," את־אדם , unless we take את to be the mark of the accusative, which, however, there is no verb to govern. Keil interprets, "When David had to do with Edom." Bähr refers to 1 Chronicles 20:5 , and Genesis 19:4 , but they are not strictly parallel, and it is possible that the text is slightly corrupt, as the LXX ; Syr; and Arab. must have had בהכות ... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 1 Kings 11:15

The verse gives certain additional particulars of David’s conquest of Edom (marginal references). Joab was left, or sent, to complete the subjugation of the country, with orders to exterminate all the grown male inhabitants. It was not very often that David acted with any extreme severity in his wars; but he may have considered himself justified by policy, as he certainly was by the letter of the Law Deuteronomy 20:13, in adopting this fierce course against Edom.Was in Edom - Or, according to... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 1 Kings 11:15-17

1 Kings 11:15-17. When David was in Edom By his army to war against it; and Joab was gone up to bury the slain The Israelites who were slain in the battle, (2 Samuel 8:13-14,) whom he honourably interred in some certain place, to which he is said to go up for that end. And this gave Hadad the opportunity of making his escape, while Joab and his men were all employed in the solemnity. After he had smitten, &c. Or, and he smote, as it is in the Hebrew: which is here observed as the... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 1 Kings 11:1-43

Solomon’s idolatry (11:1-43)Although some of Solomon’s marriages were for political purposes, most of his wives and concubines were probably given to him as gifts. These women usually brought their gods into Israel, and Solomon’s weakness in worshipping these gods led finally to his downfall (11:1-8). God’s judgment on Solomon and Israel was to bring the long-standing friction between northerners and southerners to a climax in the division of the kingdom. Only Solomon’s tribe Judah (which had... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - 1 Kings 11:15

it came to pass, &c. Compare 2 Samuel 8:3-13 . Joab. Compare Psalms 60:0 , title, and see note on 2 Samuel 8:13 . every male: i.e. who did not flee, as Hadad did. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis ( App-6 ), "every male [whom he found] in Edom". See 1 Kings 11:17 . read more

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