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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Peter 1:10-12

The apostle having described the persons to whom he wrote, and declared to them the excellent advantages they were under, goes on to show them what warrant he had for what he had delivered; and because they were Jews, and had a profound veneration for the Old Testament, he produces the authority of the prophets to convince them that the doctrine of salvation by faith in Jesus Christ was no new doctrine, but the same which the old prophets did enquire and search diligently into. Note, I. Who... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - 1 Peter 1:10-12

1:10-12 Prophets, who prophesied about the grace which was to come to you, enquired and searched concerning that salvation, seeking to find out when and how the Spirit of Christ within them, testifying in advance to the sufferings destined for Christ and to the glories which must follow them, was telling them that it would come. It was revealed to them that the ministry which they were exercising in these things was not for themselves but for you, things which have now been proclaimed to you... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - 1 Peter 1:10-12

This passage tells us not only of the visions of the prophets but also of the message of the preacher. It was the preachers who brought the message of salvation to the readers of Peter's letter. (i) It tells us that preaching is the announcement of salvation. Preaching may at different times have many notes and many aspects, but fundamentally it is the proclamation of the gospel, the good news. The preacher may at times have to warn, threaten and condemn; he may have to remind men of the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 1:11

Searching what, or what manner of time ,.... The prophets made a very diligent inquiry into the exact time when Christ should come to work out the salvation of his people; to whom it was made known that his coming should be before the sceptre, or tribe of Judah, and all civil government in it, ceased; and before the second temple was destroyed, into which the Messiah, the messenger of the covenant, was to come, as the Lord and proprietor of it; and that it should be seventy weeks, or 490... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Peter 1:12

Unto whom it was revealed ,.... The salvation they searched and inquired into, and the grace of it; the time of its being wrought out, and what sort of times they would be when Christ should come, both to the church, and to the world, among Jews and Gentiles; as also what cruel sufferings the Messiah should undergo, and what great glory should be put upon him afterwards: that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister . The Vulgate Latin, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions, read "unto... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Peter 1:11

The glory that should follow - Not only the glory of his resurrection, ascension, exaltation, and the effusion of his Spirit; but that grand manifestation of God's infinite love to the world in causing the Gospel of his Son to be everywhere preached, and the glorious moral changes which should take place in the world under that preaching, and the final glorification of all them who had here received the report, and continued faithful unto death. And we may add to this the ineffable... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Peter 1:12

Unto whom it was revealed - We may presume that, in a great variety of cases, the prophets did not understand the meaning of their own predictions. They had a general view of God's designs; but of particular circumstances, connected with those great events, they seem to have known nothing, God reserving the explanation of all particulars to the time of the issue of such prophecies. When they wished to find out the times, the seasons, and the circumstances, God gave them to understand that it... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Peter 1:11

Verse 11 11. And what they inquired is pointed out when he adds, Searching what, or what manner of time There was a difference between the law and the gospel, a veil as it were being interposed, that they might not see those things nearer which are now set before our eyes. Nor was it indeed proper, while Christ the Sun of righteousness was yet absent, that the full light should shine as at mid-day. And though it was their duty to confine themselves within their prescribed limits, yet it was no... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Peter 1:12

Verse 12 12Unto whom it was revealed This passage has been strangely perverted by fanatics, so as to exclude the fathers who lived under the law from the hope of eternal salvation. For it does not deny that the prophets usefully ministered to their own age, and edified the church, but teaches us that their ministry is more useful to us, because we are fallen on the ends of the world. We see how highly they extolled the kingdom of Christ, how assiduous they were in adorning it, how diligently... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Peter 1:11

Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify; or, as the Revised Version, did point unto . The Authorized Version neglects the preposition εἰς . The apostle says that the Spirit of Christ dwelt in the prophets. The words πνεῦμα ξριστοῦ cannot mean "the Spirit which bears witness of Christ," as Bengel and others. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ (see Romans 8:9 ; Galatians 4:6 ). He is not only sent from the Father by the Son,... read more

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