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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:19-29

Here, 1. The Ziphites offer their service to Saul, to betray David to him, 1 Sam. 23:19, 20. He was sheltering himself in the wilderness of Ziph (1 Sam. 23:14, 15), putting the more confidence in the people of that country because they were of his own tribe. They had reason to think themselves happy that they had an opportunity of serving one who was the ornament of their tribe and was likely to be much more so, who was so far from plundering the country, or giving it any disturbance with his... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:24

And they arose, and went to Ziph, before Saul ,.... Not before his person, as if he went with them, and they before him leading the way; but they went thither before he went, to prepare things more exactly, and with more certainty, before he came, and in order to return to him again and go with him: but David and his men were in the wilderness at Maon ; for by the time the Ziphites returned home, David had intelligence of their design, and therefore removed from the wilderness of Ziph... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:25

And Saul also and his men went to seek him ,.... Whether the Ziphites returned to him with better intelligence, or sent him word where David was, is not said, however Saul with his army came out in search of him: and they told David ; or it was told him, that Saul was come in quest of him: wherefore he came down into a rock ; either into a cave in it, or he came down from the hill Hachilah to a plain or valley, in order to go up to a rock, the same with the mountain in 1 Samuel... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:26

And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain ,.... Saul with his army came to the very mountain where David and his men were, the one was on one side of it, and the other on the other side; there was only one mountain between them: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul ; he fled on one side of the mountain, while Saul was pursuing him on the other, and hastening to get round unto him: for Saul and his men compassed David... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:27

But there came a messenger unto Saul ,.... From his court, by order of his council there; though the Jews F20 Midrash apud Yalkut in loc. say it was an angel from heaven; but be it which it will, it was certainly the providence of God that directed this affair, that a messenger should come to Saul just at that very time that David was like to fall into his hands: saying, haste thee, and come, for the Philistines have invaded the land ; were come into it, and spread themselves in... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 23:28

Therefore Saul returned from pursuing after David ,.... Stopped short at once, as soon as ever he received the message: and went against the Philistines ; to stop them in their progress, and drive them out of his country: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth , which signifies the rock of divisions. David and his men, very probably, gave it this name, not only because it divided between Saul and his men, and David and his men, when they were one on one side of it, and the... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Samuel 23:25

The wilderness of Maon - Maon was a mountainous district in the most southern parts of Judah. Calmet supposes it to be the city of Menois, which Eusebius places in the vicinity of Gaza; and the Maenaemi Castrum, which the Theodosian code places near to Beersheba. read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Samuel 23:26

Saul went on this side of the mountain - Evidently not knowing that David and his men were on the other side. read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Samuel 23:27

There came a messenger - See the providence of God exerted for the salvation of David's life! David and his men are almost surrounded by Saul and his army, and on the point of being taken, when a messenger arrives and informs Saul that the Philistines had invaded the land! But behold the workings of Providence! God had already prepared the invasion of the land by the Philistines, and kept Saul ignorant how much David was in his power; but as his advanced guards and scouts must have... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Samuel 23:28

They called that place Sela-hammah-lekoth - That is, the rock of divisions; because, says the Targum, the heart of the king was divided to go hither and thither. Here Saul was obliged to separate himself from David, in order to go and oppose the invading Philistines. read more

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