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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:36-44

We are now to attend Nabal's funeral and Abigail's wedding. I. Nabal's funeral. The apostle speaks of some that were twice dead, Jude 1:12. We have hare Nabal thrice dead, though but just now wonderfully rescued from the sword of David and delivered from so great a death; for the preservations of wicked men are but reservations for some further sorer strokes of divine wrath. Here is, 1. Nabal dead drunk, 1 Sam. 25:36. Abigail came home, and, it should seem, he had so many people and so much... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:36

And Abigail came to Nabal ,.... Having sped with David, and taken her leave of him, she returned home to her husband Nabal: and, behold, he held a feast in his house like the feast of a king ; both for the number of dishes on his table and of guests at it though only on the account of sheep shearing; but very probably there were others that were invited to this entertainment besides the shearers; covetous men are generally very profuse when they make feasts: and Nabal's heart was ... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:37

But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal ,.... When he had slept, and was become sober, and so capable of attending to and understanding what might be related to him: and his wife had told him these things ; recorded in this chapter, before observed: that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone ; he swooned away, became as cold as a stone, and remained as senseless, spoke not a word, but lay in a stupor; the Jewish writers generally say... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:38

And it came to pass, about ten days after ,.... After he had lain in this stupid and senseless manner for ten days: that the Lord smote Nabal, that he died ; with some disease or increased the grief of his heart, and the fears of his mind that he died therewith. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:39

And when David heard that Nabal was dead ,.... As he soon might, Maon and Carmel not being far from the wilderness where David was: he said, blessed be the Lord, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal ; not that he rejoiced at the death of Nabal, simply considered, or from a private spirit of revenge; but because of the glory of divine justice, which he had shown to him in vindicating him from the reproach Nabal had cast upon him, and particularly was... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:40

And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel ,.... For though Nabal lived in Maon, yet having possessions in Camel, he had no doubt an house there also; and here Abigail was, and perhaps chose to be after his death, rather than at Maon: they spake unto her ; delivered the message to her they were sent with by David: saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife ; that is, to treat with her about his marriage to her, to propose it to her, and, if they... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:41

And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth ,.... As she did before David, 1 Samuel 25:23 ; and did as she would have done had he been present, considering his messengers as representing him and therefore showed the same respect and reverence and did the same honour, as if he had been there in person: and said ; expressed herself in such language as if David had been before her: behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord ... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:42

And Abigail hasted and arose ,.... She had no objection nor hesitation in her mind about marrying David but at once consented, and immediately prepared for her journey, having as high an opinion, and as great an esteem of David, as he of her; and though she was rich and he peer this was no obstacle in the way, she knew and believed he would be king of Israel, 1 Samuel 25:30 ; and though he could not support her, she had enough to support herself, and supply him, till he came to the throne:... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:43

And David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel ,.... A city in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:56 ; that is, he took her to wife, and as it seems before Abigail became his wife; see 2 Samuel 3:2 , and they were also both of them his wives ; polygamy, though not agreeably to the law of nature, nor the law of God, was a custom which prevailed in those times, which good men gave into, though not to be commended for it. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25:44

But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish ,.... Or "for Saul", &c.; F9 ושאול "Saul enim", Tigurine version; "nam Saul", Junius & Tremcillius, Piscator; so Pool and Patrick. ; which is a reason for his marrying again, but no reason for marrying more wives than one. Michal was his first wife, and they lived lovingly together, until David was obliged to flee from Saul, and then he gave her to another; partly to vex David, and partly if he... read more

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