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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 1 Timothy 5:3-16

Directions are here given concerning the taking of widows into the number of those who were employed by the church and had maintenance from the church: Honour widows that are widows indeed. Honour them, that is, maintain them, admit them into office. There was in those times an office in the church in which widows were employed, and that was to tend the sick and the aged, to look to them by the direction of the deacons. We read of the care taken of widows immediately upon the first forming of... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - 1 Timothy 5:9-10

5:9-10 Let a woman be enrolled as a widow only if she is more than sixty years of age; if she has been the wife of one husband; if she has earned an attested reputation for good works; if she has nourished children; if she has been hospitable to strangers; if she has helped those in trouble; if she has washed the feet of the saints; if she has devoted herself to every good work. From this passage it is clear that the Church had an official register of widows; and it seems that the word... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - 1 Timothy 5:9-10

As we have already said, if not as early as the time of the Pastoral Epistles, certainly in later days, the widows became an accepted order in the Christian Church. Their place and work are dealt with in the first eight chapters of the third book of The Apostolic Constitutions, and these chapters reveal the use that such an order could be and the dangers into which it almost inevitably ran. (i) It is laid down that women who would serve the Church must be women of discretion. Particularly... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 1 Timothy 5:10

Well reported of for good works ,.... Both by the members of the church, and by them that were without: particularly if she have brought up children ; that is, "well", as the Arabic version adds; in the nurture and admonition of the Lord; commanding them, as Abraham did, to keep the way of the Lord, and to do justice and judgment; training them up in the paths of religion and virtue, from which they will not so easily depart when grown up. If she have lodged strangers ; as Abraham... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Timothy 5:10

Well reported of for good works - Numbers being able to bear testimony, as the word implies, that she has not only avoided all sin, but that she has walked according to the testimony of God. Brought up children - It was customary among the Gentiles to expose their children, when so poor that they were not able to provide for them. Pious and humane people took these up; and fed, clothed, and educated them. The words brought up may refer to the children of others, who were educated in the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - 1 Timothy 5:10

Verse 10 10For good works Those qualifications which are next enumerated relate partly to honor, and partly to labor. There can be no doubt that the assemblies of widows were honorable, and highly respectable; and, therefore, Paul does not wish that any should be admitted into them, but those who had excellent attestations of the whole of their past life. Besides, they were not appointed in order to lazy and indolent inactivity, but to minister to the poor and the sick, until, being completely... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Timothy 5:1-16

I. BEHAVIOR OF TIMOTHY TOWARD THE ELDER AND YOUNGER CHURCH MEMBERS OF BOTH SEXES . "Rebuke not an eider, but exhort him as a father; the younger men as brethren: the eider women as mothers; the younger as sisters, in all purity." A minister has to deal with people differing in age and sex. If he is a young minister like Timothy, he has a difficult part to act. It may happen that one who is very much his cider is guilty of an offence. How is he to conduct himself... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Timothy 5:1-25

I. THE CONDUCT OF TIMOTHY TOWARD ELDERLY MEN . "Reprimand not an elderly person, but exhort him as a brother." The allusion is not to an official elder of the Church, but to any elderly member of it. 1. Such persons might possibly be guilty of serious shortcomings , warranting private admonition, if not the exercise of discipline. Their conduct would have a worse effect than that of more youthful offenders. 2. Timothy must not use sharpness or severity in dealing... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 1 Timothy 5:10

Hath for have , A.V. (five times); used hospitality to for lodged , A.V. Well reported of ( μαρτυρουμένη ; see 1 Timothy 3:7 and note). This use is frequent in the Epistle to the Hebrews ( Hebrews 7:8 ; Hebrews 11:2 , Hebrews 11:4 , Hebrews 11:5 , Hebrews 11:39 ), also in 3 John 1:6 , 3 John 1:12 . Good works ( ἔργοις καλοῖς ). The phrase occurs frequently in the pastoral Epistles, both in the singular and in the plural ( 1 Timothy 2:10 ; 1... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 1 Timothy 5:10

Well reported of for good works - Of good character or reputation; see the notes on 1 Timothy 3:7.If she have brought up children - Either her own or others. The idea is, if she has done this in a proper manner.If she have lodged strangers - If she has been characterized by hospitality - a virtue greatly commended in the Scriptures; compare notes on 1 Timothy 3:2.If she have washed the saints’ feet - It is not certain whether this is to be understood literally, or whether it merely denotes that... read more

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