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John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Chronicles 13:1-22

Reign of AbijahThis chapter expands the account given of Abijah (Abijam) in 1 Kings 15:1-8 by giving details of his war with Jeroboam, which is there only briefly mentioned.2. Michaiah] In 2 Chronicles 11:21 and 1 Kings 15:2 she is called ’Maachah,’ and was probably daughter of Uriel and granddaughter of Absalom.3. Four hundred thousand, etc.] These numbers (see also 2 Chronicles 13:17) are in keeping with the large figures that appear elsewhere in Chronicles: see 2 Chronicles 14:8-9; 2... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 2 Chronicles 13:22

(22) And his ways and his sayings.—Or works. The same word has just been rendered acts. There is an alliteration in the Hebrew, u-derâkhav u-debhârav.Story.—Midrash. See margin. For the source here referred to, see Introduction, § 6. read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - 2 Chronicles 13:1-22

REHOBOAM AND ABIJAH: THE IMPORTANCE OF RITUAL2 Chronicles 10:1-19; 2 Chronicles 11:1-23; 2 Chronicles 12:1-16; 2 Chronicles 13:1-22THE transition from Solomon to Rehoboam brings to light a serious drawback of the chronicler’s principle of selection. In the history of Solomon we read of nothing but wealth, splendor, unchallenged dominion, and superhuman wisdom; and yet the breath is hardly out of the body of the wisest and greatest king of Israel before his empire falls to pieces. We are told,... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - 2 Chronicles 13:1-22

CHAPTER 13 The Reign of Abijah 1. The beginning of his reign (2 Chronicles 13:1-2 ) 2. War with Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:3-19 ) 3. Death of Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 13:20 ) 4. Abijah’s family (2 Chronicles 13:21-22 ) Abijah is called in Kings, Abijam, and in 2 Chronicles 13:21 , Abijahu (Hebrew text). His reign was not of a long duration; he outlived his father Rehoboam only three years. His mother was Maachah (2 Chronicles 11:20 ). She is called here Michaiah, probably because she was... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Chronicles 13:1-22

THE REIGN OF ABIJAH (vv.1-22) Jereboam outlived Rehoboam, though not for long (v.20). He died after reigning 22 years (1 Kings 14:20), five years longer than Rehoboam. But Abijah, son of Rehoboam, reigned only for three years in Judah (v.2). 1 Kings 15:3 tells us that Abijah wa1ked in all the sins of his father and his heart was not loyal to the Lord. Yet Chronicles does not mention this, but emphasises rather what was to his credit in regard to overcoming Jereboam, in battle. The guilt of... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - 2 Chronicles 13:1-22

REHOBOAM AND JEHOSHAPHAT REHOBOAM (2 Chronicles 10-12) The story of the rejected counsel of the older men and what came of it (chap. 10) is practically as in 1 Kings 12:0 , and furnishes an illustration of the relation of divine sovereignty to human free agency. The fortification of Judah’s cities against Israel (chap. 11) was dwelt upon in the earlier books, as well as the return of the priests and Levites to Jerusalem. Rehoboam’s “wise” action (2 Chronicles 11:23 ) is to be taken in the... read more

Joseph Parker

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker - 2 Chronicles 13:1-22

2 Chronicles 13:1-12 . 1. Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began Abijah to reign over Judah. 2. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah ["Maachah the daughter of Abishalom;" in Kings, which is doubtless correct. "Michaiah," which is elsewhere a man's name, is a corruption of Maachah] the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 3. And Abijah set the battle in array [began the battle ( 1Ki 20:14 )] with an army of... read more

Robert Hawker

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary - 2 Chronicles 13:21-22

There appears to have been no grace in Abijah's heart; though the Lord was pleased to make him an instrument in his hand for the destruction of Jeroboam. Reader! is not this the case in the present hour? read more

Robert Hawker

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary - 2 Chronicles 13:22

REFLECTIONS IT is hardly possible to read the history of war and bloodshed without having our minds led out to the serious consequences of sin, which hath introduced death with all its trains of evil. Behold, Reader, in the example before us, how the descendants of Jacob, in the different tribes and families, have lost sight of their original stock, and are employed in destroying one another. Oh! the wretched consequences of a fallen state! precious Jesus! here again, as in a thousand other... read more

George Haydock

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary - 2 Chronicles 13:22

Works. Protestants, "sayings are written in the story of the prophets Iddo." (Haydock) --- Modross properly means "researches," and was the title of the genealogical work of this prophet, from which this account is probably taken, chap. xii. 15. (Calmet) --- The entire work is not extant. (Menochius) read more

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