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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Kings 23:25-30

Upon the reading of these verses we must say, Lord, though thy righteousness be as the great mountains?evident, conspicuous, and past dispute, yet thy judgments are a great deep, unfathomable and past finding out, Ps. 36:6. What shall we say to this? I. It is here owned that Josiah was one of the best kings that ever sat upon the throne of David, 2 Kgs. 23:25. As Hezekiah was a non-such for faith and dependence upon God in straits (2 Kgs. 18:5), so Josiah was a non-such for sincerity and zeal... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Kings 23:29

In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt ,.... Who is called in the Targum Pharaoh the lame, because he was lame in his feet, perhaps gouty; Herodotus F24 Euterpe, sive, l. 2. c. 158. also calls him Necos the son of Psammiticus; now it was in the last days of Josiah this king reigned in Egypt, or however that the following event was: that he went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates ; to Carchemish, a city situated upon it; see 2 Chronicles 35:26 , the king he... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Kings 23:29

In his days Pharaoh-nechoh - See the note on the death of Josiah, 2 Kings 22:20 ; (note). Nechoh is supposed to have been the son of Psammitichus, king of Egypt; and the Assyrian king, whom he was now going to attack, was the famous Nabopolassar. What the cause of this quarrel was, is not known. Some say it was on account of Carchemish, a city on the Euphrates, belonging to the Egyptians, which Nabopolassar had seized. See Isaiah 10:9 . read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Kings 23:1-37


Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Kings 23:26-37

Lamentable unskillfulness and incorrigibility. "Notwithstanding the Lord," etc. This short fragment of Jewish history reflects great disgrace on human nature, and may well humble us in the dust. It brings into prominence at least two subjects suggestive of solemn and practical thought. I. THE WORTHLESSNESS OF UNWISELY DIRECTED EFFORTS TO BENEFIT MEN , HOWEVER WELL INTENDED . Josiah, it seems from the narrative, was one of the best of Israel's kings. "Like unto him... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Kings 23:28-30

The events of Josiah's reign from his eighteenth to his thirty-first year are left a blank, both here and in Chronicles. Politically, the time was a stirring one. The great invasion of Western Asia by the Scythic hordes (Herod; 1.103-106), which is alluded to by Jeremiah 6:1-5 , Ezekiel 38:1-23 :39; and perhaps by Zephaniah 2:6 , probably belongs to it; as also the attack of Psamatik I. upon Philistia (Herod; 2.105), the fall of the Assyrian empire, and the destruction of Nineveh: the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Kings 23:29

In his days Pharaoh-Nechoh King of Egypt went up against the King of Assyria. Neku, the "Pharaoh-Nechoh" of this passage, and the Necos of Herodotus, was the son of Psamatik I and succeeded his father on the throne of Egypt, probably in B.C. 610. He was one of the most enterprising of the later Egyptian kings, and appears to have made this expedition in his second or third year. The unsettled condition of Western Asia after the Scythic invasion, and the fall of the Assyrian empire, seemed to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Kings 23:29-37

Pharaoh-Nechoh and the Jewish kings. A new power had risen in Egypt which was to play a temporary, but influential, part in the evolution of God's purposes towards Judah. Assyria was at this time in its death-agonies. The scepter of empire was soon to pass to Babylon. But it was Pharaoh-Nechoh who, following the designs of his own ambition, was to set in motion a train of events which had the effect of bringing Judah within the power of the King of Babylon. I. THE DEATH OF JOSIAH ... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 2 Kings 23:29

Pharaoh-Nechoh - This king is well known to us both from profane historians, and from the Egyptian monuments. He succeeded his father Psammetichus (Psamatik) in the year 610 B.C., and was king of Egypt for 16 years. He was an enlightened and enterprising monarch. The great expedition here mentioned was an attempt to detach from the newly-formed Babylonian empire the important tract of country extending from Egypt to the Euphrates at Carchemish. Calculating probably on the friendship or... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Kings 23:29

2 Kings 23:29. In his days Pharaoh-nechoh, king of Egypt, went up, &c. According to Herodotus, Nechoh was the proper name of this monarch, Pharaoh being the general name of all their kings, as has been before observed in these notes. He tells us he was the son and successor of Psammeticus, king of Egypt, and a man of a bold and enterprising spirit; that he made an attempt to join the Nile and the Red sea, by drawing a canal from the one to the other; that, though he failed in this... read more

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