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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 12:1-14

It seems to have been a great while after David had been guilty of adultery with Bath-sheba before he was brought to repentance for it. For, when Nathan was sent to him, the child was born (2 Sam. 12:14), so that it was about nine months that David lay under the guilt of that sin, and, for aught that appears, unrepented of. What shall we think of David's state all this while? Can we imagine that his heart never smote him for it, or that he never lamented it in secret before God? I would... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 12:6

And he shall restore the lamb fourfold ,.... Which was according to the law in Exodus 22:1 ; but Kimchi thinks, because the word is of the dual number, it signifies double the number, and that the sentence was to restore eight lambs, because he being a rich man stole from the poor man; so Mr. Weemse F19 Of the Moral Law, l. 2. ch. 10. p. 252. Vid. Gusset. Ebr. Comment. p. 776. renders it, twice four, twice as much as was commanded in the law; for the Hebrews, he observes, double in... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 12:1-14

The facts are: 1. God sends Nathan the prophet to David, who tells him a story of the greed of a wicked rich man, who, to satisfy his avarice, took away and slew the pot ewe lamb of a poor man. 2 . David, accepting the story as a matter of fact, is very angry with this man, and swears that for his deed and lack of compassion he ought to die and restore fourfold. 3 . Nathan thereupon reveals the parabolic character of his narrative, by saying unto David, "Thou art the man !" 4 ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 12:5-6

( JERUSALEM .) The blinding influence of sin. "David's anger was greatly kindled against the man;" he declared with a solemn oath ( 2 Samuel 4:9-11 ) that he deserved to die (literally, "was a son of death," 1 Samuel 26:16 ; 1 Kings 2:26 ), and ordered restitution according to the Law ( Exodus 22:1 ). His severity displayed the fiery temper of the man, and the arbitrary power of the monarch, rather than the calm deliberation of the judge; and (like the treatment of the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 12:5-7

Unconscious self-condemnation. Great sinners are generally able to discern and condemn in others wickedness similar to their own. This gives an advantage to those who would convince them of their sins. Nathan made use of it in dealing with David, and with good effect. I. NATHAN 'S PARABLE . It presents a picture of conduct sufficiently like that of David to prepare the way for his self-condemnation, and yet so far different that its drift should not be at once detected. It is a... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 2 Samuel 12:6

Fourfold - The exact number prescribed by the Law (see the marginal references), and acted upon by Zaccheus. The Septuagint has “sevenfold,” as in Proverbs 6:31. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 12:5-6

2 Samuel 12:5-6. David’s anger was greatly kindled, &c. So many base and aggravated circumstances appeared to him to attend it, that he thought it deserving of capital punishment. The man shall surely die This seems more than the fact deserved, or than he had commission to inflict for it. But it is observable that David now, when he was most indulgent to himself, and to his own sin, was most severe, and even unjust, to others, as appears by this passage, and the following relation, (2... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 12:1-31

11:1-20:26 CONFLICTS IN DAVID’S FAMILYDavid takes Bathsheba as wife (11:1-12:31)While the Israelite army was out fighting another battle against Ammon, David, back in Jerusalem, committed a series of sins that brought him sorrow and trouble for the rest of his life. To begin with, he was guilty of sexual immorality with Bathsheba, wife of Uriah, one of David’s top soldiers (11:1-5; cf. 23:39).On discovering that Bathsheba was pregnant, David thought of a plan to cover up his sin. He recalled... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - 2 Samuel 12:6

fourfold . Compare Exodus 22:1 . Septuagint reads "sevenfold". read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 12:1-31

David’s Repentance and Pardon. The Capture of Rabbah4. To dress for the wayfaring man] We may notice Eastern ideas of hospitality: cp. Genesis 18:3-5. 5. Shall surely die] David’s impulsive temper breaks out again: cp. 1 Samuel 25:22.11. For the fulfilment of this threat, see 2 Samuel 16:21, 2 Samuel 16:22. David’s repentance secured the forgiveness of God, but it did not avert the punishment of his sin. 13. Thou shalt not die] This was the punishment David himself had pronounced on the... read more

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