Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:1-10

Here is, I. David settling again in Ziklag, his own city, after he had rescued his family and friends out of the hands of the Amalekites (2 Sam. 1:1): He abode in Ziklag. Thence he was now sending presents to his friends (1 Sam. 30:26), and there he was ready to receive those that came into his interests; not men in distress and debt, as his first followers were, but persons of quality in their country, mighty men, men of war, and captains of thousands (as we find, 1 Chron. 12:1, 8, 20); such... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:2

It came to pass on the third day ,.... After the battle was fought, in which Saul was slain: that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul ; that is, from them who were in the camp with Saul, for he was dead. Some say F4 Pesikta in Jarchi in loc. this was Doeg the Edomite, which is not likely that he should come with such tidings to David; besides, if he was Saul's armourbearer, as others say, see 1 Samuel 31:4 ; he died with Saul; nor his son, as others F5 Tanchuma in... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 1:2

A man came out of the camp - The whole account which this young man gives is a fabrication: in many of the particulars it is grossly self-contradictory. There is no fact in the case but the bringing of the crown, or diadem, and bracelets of Saul; which, as he appears to have been a plunderer of the slain, he found on the field of battle; and he brought them to David, and told the lie of having despatched Saul, merely to ingratiate himself with David. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:1-2

( ZIKLAG .) A change of dynasty. "When he came to David he fell to the earth, and did obeisance" ( 2 Samuel 1:2 ). The title of David to the throne was primarily conferred upon him by the will of God, as declared by Samuel. But it remained in abeyance while Saul lived, and began to take effect only at his decease. On returning to Ziklag from his pursuit of the Amalekites, David occupied himself in repairing its ruins, and awaited tidings from the field of battle. On the morning of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:1-10

The facts of this section may be stated thus: 1 . David having retired to Ziklag during the conflict between Israel and the Philistines, a messenger from the seat of war comes to pay him homage. 2 . David, being as yet in ignorance of the event on Gilboa, and being impressed by the signs of mourning on the stranger, is prompted to ask whence he came. 3 . Eager to ascertain further information, he learns from the Amalekite, not only that Saul and Jonathan were dead, but that,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:2

On the third day. This means the third day after David's return with the spoil and captives recovered from the Amalekites. If we study the data, we find that David had marched with Achish as far as Aphek in the plain of Jezreel ( 1 Samuel 29:1 ), opposite to which, on the rising ground near Gilboa, Saul had posted his army. A march of three days had brought him back to Ziklag ( 1 Samuel 30:1 ), and after the shortest possible delay he had started in pursuit of the Amalekites. The... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:2-10

( ZIKLAG .) Selfish craft. Beyond the assertion of the Amalekite that Israel was defeated and Saul and Jonathan were dead, of which the diadem and bracelet afforded proof, it is uncertain how far his story was true. His statement concerning his own conduct cannot be satisfactorily reconciled with that of 1 Samuel 31:1-13 .; and, although credited by David, it was probably a fabrication, his motive therein being the desire of reward, as David himself clearly perceived ( 2 Samuel... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 1:1-2

2 Samuel 1:1-2. David had abode two days in Ziklag Which, it appears from this, the Amalekites had not so burned down that David and his men could not lodge in it. On the third day From David’s return to Ziklag. With his clothes rent As the manner of deep mourners was. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 1:1-27

1:1-4:12 CIVIL WAR AFTER SAUL’S DEATHMourning for Saul and Jonathan (1:1-27)David learnt of Saul’s death from one of Saul’s own men, an Amalekite who had become a citizen of Israel (1:1-4; see v. 13). The man clearly thought that by adding a few details to the story and by bringing Saul’s crown to David, he could win David’s favour (5-10; cf. 4:10).As long as Saul lived, David had regarded him as the Lord’s anointed king and had consistently refused to harm him (cf. 1 Samuel 24:6; 1 Samuel... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - 2 Samuel 1:2

the third day . See note on 1 Samuel 30:12 . behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 . man . Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 . read more

Group of Brands