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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:1-7

We have here the last will and testament of king David, or a codicil annexed to it, after he had settled the crown upon Solomon and his treasures upon the temple which was to be built. The last words of great and good men are thought worthy to be in a special manner remarked and remembered. David would have those taken notice of, and added either to his Psalms (as they are here to that in the foregoing chapter) or to the chronicles of his reign. Those words especially in 2 Sam. 23:5; though... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:2

The Spirit of the Lord spake by me ,.... The psalms and songs he composed were not the fruits of his own genius, but were written by him under the inspiration of the Spirit of God; by whom holy men of God, the penmen of the Scriptures, spoke, even as they were moved by the Holy Ghost, of whom David was one, being a prophet; see Acts 1:16 Acts 2:30 ; so the Targum here,"David spoke by the spirit of prophecy of the Lord:'or spake "in me" F8 בי "in me", Montanus, Junius &... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 23:2

The Spirit of the Lord spake by me - Hence the matter of his writing came by direct and immediate inspiration. His word was in my tongue - Hence the words of this writing were as directly inspired as the matter. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:1-3

( JERUSALEM .) David's last words. [The closing years of David's life (after the insurrection of Sheba was subdued, 2 Samuel 20:1-26 .) were spent in peace. Having secured a site for the altar ( 2 Samuel 24:25 ; 1 Chronicles 21:28 ), he made preparations for the building of the temple ( 1 Chronicles 22:1-19 .). At length his strength began to fail; but, when made acquainted with the conspiracy of Adonijah, he displayed something of his former energy in hastening the accession... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:1-7

The fruitful lessons of David's last words. The facts are: 1 . There is a statement that these are the last words of David, who is spoken of in a fourfold respect. 2 . It is affirmed that the utterance which follows is expressly by the Spirit of God. 3 . The true ruler is described as one who is just and one fearing God; and the effects of his government are compared to the light of a bright morning, and the tender grass after rain. 4 . David affirms that his house is... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:1-7

( Matthew 1:1 ) The son of Jesse, and the Son of David. The relation of David to Jesus, regarded in the light of prophecy and history, was one of: 1 . Hereditary connection; inasmuch as he not only belonged to the tribe of Judah ( Genesis 49:10 ; Hebrews 7:14 ; Revelation 5:5 ) and the house of Jesse the Bethlehemite ( Isaiah 11:1 ), but was ancestor of Jesus ( Matthew 1:16 ; Luke 3:23 ); who was thus legal heir to "the throne of his father David," and was born in... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:1-7

The righteous Ruler. David, in his last days, like Jacob and Moses, received the spirit of prophecy, and was thus enabled to predict the coming of the perfect King, sprung from himself; the blessings of his reign, and his triumph over his enemies. These "last words" of his are, indeed, regarded by some as primarily a description of what a ruler of men should be, and as only secondarily, if at all, relating to the Christ. Our Authorized Version favours this interpretation by introducing in ... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 23:2-3

2 Samuel 23:2-3. His word was in my tongue The following words, and consequently the other words and psalms composed and uttered by me upon the like solemn occasions, are not to be looked upon as human inventions, but both the matter and the words of them were suggested by God’s Spirit, the great teacher of the church. The Rock of Israel He who is the strength, and defence, and protector of his people; which he manifests by directing kings and rulers so to manage their power, as may most... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 23:1-7

Two psalms (22:1-23:7)The first of these two psalms was written by David to celebrate his victories over his enemies. Later it was put to music for use in the temple services and appears in the book of Psalms as Psalms 18:0.David began the psalm by praising God who constantly answered his prayers and saved him from death (22:1-7). God displayed his mighty power in earthquakes, wind, rain, lightning, thunder and darkness (8-16), and sometimes he used these forces to save David from his enemies... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - 2 Samuel 23:2

Spirit = ruach . App-9 . the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 . spake : referring to the substance of the Divine revelation. Hebrew. dabar = to utter. See App-73 . word . Hebrew. millah. Used of a royal or divine decree (Psalms 19:14 .Daniel 3:22 , Daniel 3:28 , &c.) read more

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