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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:10-17

We have here David repenting of the sin and yet punished for it, God repenting of the judgment and David thereby made more penitent. I. Here is David's penitent reflection upon and confession of his sin in numbering the people. While the thing was in doing, during all those nine months, we do not find that David was sensible of his sin, for had he been so he would have countermanded the orders he had given; but, when the account was finished and laid before him, that very night his conscience... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:13

So Gad came to David, and told him ,.... Said nothing to him about his sin, but correction for it; which confirms it that David was made sensible of his sin before he came to him: and said unto him, shall seven years of famine come unto thee in thy land ? in 1 Chronicles 21:12 , only "three years" are mentioned, and so the Septuagint version here; but Josephus F4 Antiqu. l. 7. c. 13. sect. 2. , the Targum, the Syriac and Arabic versions, have the number "seven"; three seems to be... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 24:13

Shall seven years of famine - In 1 Chronicles 21:12 , the number is three, not seven; and here the Septuagint has three, the same as in Chronicles: this is no doubt the true reading, the letter ז zain , Seven, being mistaken for ג gimel , Three. A mistake of this kind might be easily made from the similarity of the letters. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:9-19

( 1 Chronicles 21:9-13 , 1 Chronicles 21:18 , 1 Chronicles 21:19 ). The Prophet Gad. "And when David was up in the morning," etc. Gad had formerly given valuable direction to David ( 1 Samuel 22:5 ); and he must have been now far advanced in life. He was "David's seer," or spiritual counsellor; a true prophet of God ( 1 Samuel 2:27 ; 1 Samuel 3:19 ; 2 Samuel 7:3 ); assisted in the arrangements for the temple service ( 1 Chronicles 9:22 ), and (like Samuel and Nathan)... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:10-17

A king's sin and a people's chastisement. The facts are: 1 . David, reflecting on the accomplishment of his purpose, comes to a consciousness of his sin, and makes confession before God. 2 . In the morning the Prophet Gad is sent to him from. the Lord, offering him, as a choice of a chastisement, either seven years' famine, or three months' defeat before his enemies, or three days' pestilence. 3 . David, in his anguish, elects to fall into the hands of God. 4 . Thereupon... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:13

Seven years of famine. In 1 Chronicles 21:12 and here in the Septuagint we find "three years." This is probably right as being in harmony with the rest. Three years of famine, three months of defeat, or three days of pestilence. In Ezekiel 14:21 famine, pestilence, and the sword are mentioned as three of God's four sore judgments. But a fourth judgment is there enumerated, namely, that of the increase of wild beasts, and Joshua the Stylite says that in Mesopotamia, as a result of the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:13

( 1 Chronicles 21:12 ).—( JERUSALEM .) Preachers and hearers. "Now advise [know], and see what answer I shall return to him that sent me." The intercourse of the prophet with the king, especially his language at the close of the first interview, is suggestive of— I. THE VOCATION OF THE PREACHER of the gospel. 1 . Every true preacher is sent forth by God. 2 . He is put in trust with the Word of God, and is sent to proclaim it to others, as his messenger and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 24:13

Pressing for an answer to God's message. "Advise, and see what answer I shall return to him that sent me." These words of Gad to David might well be addressed by religious teachers, and especially ministers of the gospel, to those whom they instruct. Notice— I. GOD 'S MESSENGERS . "Him that sent me." 1 . True ministers of Christ are God's messengers. Their office is not a human invention. They are not mere lecturers, who may choose their own themes and aims; not mere... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 2 Samuel 24:13

Compare Ezekiel 14:13-21. The “seven” years of famine correspond with the “seven” years of famine in Genesis 41:27, Genesis 41:30, and with the same number of years in 2 Kings 8:1. But in Chronicles, it is “three years,” which agrees better with the “three” months and “three” days. The whole passage is amplified in Chronicles, which has less the aspect of an original text than this. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 24:11-13

2 Samuel 24:11-13. For when David was up in the morning The words thus translated give the reader to apprehend that David’s penitence was caused by Gad’s threat, which certainly was not the case. He was made sensible of his sin and made sorry for it before Gad came to him. They should here be rendered, And when David was up, &c., David’s seer Gad is so called because he was David’s domestic prophet, by whom he consulted God in difficult cases, and received his directions and commands.... read more

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