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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:11-16

Here is, I. David's house built, a royal palace, fit for the reception of the court he kept and the homage that was paid to him, 2 Sam. 5:11. The Jews were husbandmen and shepherds, and did not much addict themselves either to merchandise or manufactures; and therefore Hiram, king of Tyre, a wealthy prince, when he sent to congratulate David on his accession to the throne, offered him workmen to build him a house. David thankfully accepted the offer, and Hiram's workmen built David a house to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:12

And David perceived that the Lord had established him king over Israel ,.... By the prosperity and success which attended him in everything he set his hand to: and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake ; for their advantage and glory more than for his own. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:2-12

( 1 Chronicles 11:2 , 1 Chronicles 11:9 ; 1 Chronicles 14:2 ). ( HEBRON .) The shepherd king. This is the first occasion on which we find the occupation of a shepherd made use of to describe the office of a king. Jacob, who had "fed Laban's flocks," spoke of "the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel" ( Genesis 49:24 ; Genesis 48:15 ); Moses, who had "kept the flock of Jethro," prayed that Jehovah would "set a man over the congregation" as his successor, so that they might not be "as... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:11-25

The facts are: 1 . The King of Tyre, being friendly with David, supplies him with means of building his house on Mount Zion. 2 . David regards the varied successes of his enterprises as confirmation of his belief that he was indeed appointed by God to reign over Israel. 3 . He establishes a court on a larger scale, after Oriental style. 4 . The Philistines, hearing of his accession to the throne, prepare for an attack upon him, whereupon he seeks guidance of God, defeats them... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:12

And David perceived. We may well believe that David had many seasons of despondency and misgiving after he became king. His subjects were brave and energetic, but turbulent, unwilling to obey, and but half-civilized. His election had put an end to civil war at home, but only to arouse the hatred of the enemies who had long oppressed them. The tragical fate, too, of Saul, who, after so many heroic struggles, had seen the earlier glories of his reign fade away, and had sought deliverance from... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:12

( 1 Chronicles 14:1 ) Hiram, King of Tyre. Hiram was another of those heathen princes with whom David stood in friendly relation (Achish of Gath; the King of Moab, 1 Samuel 22:3 ; Talmai of Geshur, 2 Samuel 3:3 ; Tel, or Tou, of Hamath, 2 Samuel 8:9 ; Joram, or Hadoram, his son, 1 Chronicles 18:10 ; Nahash, the Ammonite king of Rabbah, 2 Samuel 10:1 , 2 Samuel 10:2 ; Shobi, his son, 2 Samuel 17:27 ). He was king of "the strong (fortified) city, Tyre" ( Joshua 19:29 );... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:12

Perception of Divine agency and purpose. These words are introduced after the narration of the taking of the fortress of Zion, the erection of additional buildings around it, and especially the building of a royal residence for David. It was the establishment of a metropolis for the whole kingdom, and both evidenced and promoted a settled state of things. David's thoughts upon the matter are given in the text. He recognized that it was God who made him king, and that his exaltation was for... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 5:12

2 Samuel 5:12. For his people Israel’s sake Well would it be for mankind if all kings had the same view of the design of their exaltation to the sovereignty; if they considered themselves as being raised to their high station for the good of their people; that this is the great end of their appointment; the pursuit of this end their great duty; and the attainment of it their true glory. Certainly great and good kings of all ages have been of this way of thinking: they have believed, not... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:1-25

5:1-10:19 DAVID ESTABLISHES HIS KINGDOMConquest of Jerusalem (5:1-25)All the tribes of Israel now sent a representative force of soldiers to Hebron to present themselves to David, their new king (5:1-3; 1 Chronicles 12:23-40). The two-year civil war had now finished, and for the next five and a half years David reigned in Hebron over a unified Israel (4-5; cf. 2:10-11).David probably realized that so long as he remained in the territory of his own tribe in the south, the northern tribes would... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - 2 Samuel 5:1-12

3. David’s acceptance by all Israel 5:1-12In 1004 B.C. David became king of all Israel and Judah. [Note: See Merrill, p. 243.] This was his third anointing (cf. 1 Samuel 16:13; 2 Samuel 2:4). The people acknowledged David’s previous military leadership of all Israel, as well as God’s choice of him to shepherd His people as their king. Thus David’s kingship stood on two legs: his divine election and his human recognition."In the ancient East, shepherd at an early date became a title of honor... read more

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