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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:11-16

Here is, I. David's house built, a royal palace, fit for the reception of the court he kept and the homage that was paid to him, 2 Sam. 5:11. The Jews were husbandmen and shepherds, and did not much addict themselves either to merchandise or manufactures; and therefore Hiram, king of Tyre, a wealthy prince, when he sent to congratulate David on his accession to the throne, offered him workmen to build him a house. David thankfully accepted the offer, and Hiram's workmen built David a house to... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:13

And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron ,.... He had six when he was at Hebron, 2 Samuel 3:2 , and now he took more, which was not to his honour, and contrary to the law of God, Deuteronomy 17:17 ; the concubines were a sort of half wives, as the word may signify, or secondary ones, and under the others: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David ; besides those in Hebron mentioned in 2 Samuel 3:2 . read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 5:13

David took him more concubines - He had, in all conscience, enough before; he had, in the whole, eight wives and ten concubines. That dispensation permitted polygamy, but from the beginning it was not so; and as upon an average there are about fourteen males born to thirteen females, polygamy is unnatural, and could never have entered into the original design of God. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:11-25

The facts are: 1 . The King of Tyre, being friendly with David, supplies him with means of building his house on Mount Zion. 2 . David regards the varied successes of his enterprises as confirmation of his belief that he was indeed appointed by God to reign over Israel. 3 . He establishes a court on a larger scale, after Oriental style. 4 . The Philistines, hearing of his accession to the throne, prepare for an attack upon him, whereupon he seeks guidance of God, defeats them... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:13

David took him more concubines. Thus with increase of power came also the increased gratification of David's weakness and sin. Well for him would it have been if, like Saul, he had been content with one wife. But this enlargement of his harem was gradual, and the list includes all the sons born at Jerusalem. Of these four, namely, Shammuah, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon. were his children by Bathsheba (see 1 Chronicles 3:5 , where the names are differently spelt). Besides a variation in the... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 5:13

2 Samuel 5:13. David took him more concubines and wives This may well be reckoned among David’s miscarriages, the multiplication of wives being expressly forbidden to the kings of Israel, Deuteronomy 17:17. It may however be observed, perhaps in extenuation of this fault of David, that it has always been looked upon as a piece of political wisdom in princes to endeavour to have many children; that by matching them into potent families, they might strengthen their interest, and have the more... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 5:1-25

5:1-10:19 DAVID ESTABLISHES HIS KINGDOMConquest of Jerusalem (5:1-25)All the tribes of Israel now sent a representative force of soldiers to Hebron to present themselves to David, their new king (5:1-3; 1 Chronicles 12:23-40). The two-year civil war had now finished, and for the next five and a half years David reigned in Hebron over a unified Israel (4-5; cf. 2:10-11).David probably realized that so long as he remained in the territory of his own tribe in the south, the northern tribes would... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - 2 Samuel 5:13

out of . Perhaps this should read "into", as in 1 Chronicles 14:3 . But both accounts are independent and complementary. read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - 2 Samuel 5:13

DAVID MULTIPLIED HIS WIVES AND CONCUBINES"And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron; and more sons and daughters were born to David. And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada,, and Eliphelet."Note that the daughters were not even named. The status of women was quite low in that society, and women today should indeed thank the Lord Jesus Christ who... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - 2 Samuel 5:13

13. David took him more concubines and wives—In this conduct David transgressed an express law, which forbade the king of Israel to multiply wives unto himself ( :-). :-. HE SMITES THE PHILISTINES. read more

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