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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:4-17

We have here a full revelation of God's favour to David and the kind intentions of that favour, the notices and assurances of which God sent him by Nathan the prophet, whom he entrusted to deliver this long message to him. The design of it is to take him off from his purpose of building the temple and it was therefore sent, 1. By the same hand that had given him encouragement to do it, lest, if it had been sent by any other, Nathan should be despised and insulted and David should be perplexed,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:14

I will be his father, and he shall be my son ,.... That is, I will be as kind unto him, and careful of him, as a father of a son; or he shall be, and appear to be my son, by adopting grace, as no doubt Solomon was, notwithstanding all his failings. This is applied to Christ, the antitypical Solomon, who was, in an higher sense, the Son of God, even by natural and eternal generation; see Hebrews 1:5 , if he commit iniquity ; which cannot be supposed of Christ; for though he was made sin... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 7:14

If he commit iniquity - Depart from the holy commandment delivered to him; I will chasten him with the rod of men-he shall have affliction, but his government shall not be utterly subverted. But this has a higher meaning. See the observations at the end, 2 Samuel 7:25 ; (note). read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:12-16

( 1 Chronicles 17:11-15 ). ( JERUSALEM .) The promise of an outlasting kingdom. "And thy house and thy kingdom shall be permanent; Thy throne shall be established forever." ( 2 Samuel 7:16 .) 1. The position of David was a very exalted one. He was the chosen earthly head of the theocracy, or kingdom of God; and on him rested the hope of its glorious consummation. He was the Lord's messiah—"the mediator through whom Jehovah dispensed help, safety, and blessing" (Riehm). 2... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:12-16

David's everlasting kingdom. These words relate, first, to Solomon; then to successive generations of David's posterity; and, finally, to the Christ. They promise that David's son should be God's son, and should build the house for God which David had desired to build. They promise also that the rule over Israel should continue in the line of David's posterity, and that his house and kingdom should be established forever. They were partly fulfilled in the long continuance of the reign of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:12-29

The facts are: 1 . The prophet declares to David 2 . David, in response to the message, acknowledges ,the condescension and bounty of God in what he had done and promised. 3 . He confesses that all is of the free unmerited loving kindness of God, and regards this wonderful superhuman goodness as being an illustration of the existence of a love transcending all that is known to man. 4 . He recognizes the blessedness of Israel in being under the care and guidance of One so... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:14

I will be his Father, and he shall be my son. Between father and son there is not only love, but oneness. Whatsoever the father hath, that belongs also to the son by natural right. But this sonship is magnified in the Psalms beyond the measure of Solomon or any natural limits. The Son there is "the Firstborn," which Solomon was not, "higher than the kings of the earth" ( Psalms 89:27 ); and he must have "the nations for his inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - 2 Samuel 7:14

I will be his father ... - In marginal reference the equivalent expressions are applied to David. In Hebrews 1:5, this text is applied to Christ. But in 1 Chronicles 17:13; 1 Chronicles 22:9-10; 1 Chronicles 28:6, it is expressly appropriated to Solomon.With the rod of men ... - i. e. such a chastisement as men inflict upon their children, to correct and reclaim them, not to destroy them. The whole clause is omitted in 1 Chronicles 17:13. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - 2 Samuel 7:14

2 Samuel 7:14. I will be his father I will carry myself toward him as a father, with all affection, and I will own him as my son. This is intended both of Solomon, as a type of Christ, and of Christ himself, as is evident from Hebrews 1:5. If he commit iniquity This agrees only to Solomon and some others of David’s posterity, but not to Christ, who never committed iniquity, as Solomon did; who therein was no type of Christ, and therefore this branch of the text is terminated in Solomon;... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 7:1-29

God’s promise and David’s prayer (7:1-29)When David expressed his desire to build God a permanent symbolic dwelling place, God reminded him through the prophet Nathan that Israel’s God, Yahweh, was not limited to one land or one place. For that reason his symbolic dwelling place had been a tent, something that was movable and could be set up in any place at all (7:1-7).Nevertheless, because the people of Israel were not spiritually in a condition where the ideal for them could work, God would... read more

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