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James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - 2 Samuel 8:13

DAVID'S VICTORY OVER THE EDOMITES"And David won a name for himself. When he returned he slew eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom he put garrisons, and all the Edomites became David's servants. And the Lord gave victory to David wherever he went."Evidently the reason for the inclusion of this episode at this point in the narrative lies in its contrast with the conquest of the extreme northeast just related. "The Valley of Salt lay... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - 2 Samuel 8:13

2 Samuel 8:13. David gat him a name, &c.— To get a name, in the Eastern style, does not mean to be called by this or that particular name, but to be celebrated as a happy and glorious person. Thus it is joined with praise, Zephaniah 3:20. It is said of God himself, upon account of the signs and wonders he wrought in Egypt, thou hast made thee a name; which our version in Dan 9:15 renders, thou hast gotten thee renown. And thus David got him a name; i.e. as God tells him by Nathan, ch. 2... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - 2 Samuel 8:13

13. David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians—Instead of Syrians, the Septuagint version reads "Edomites," which is the true reading, as is evident from :-. This conquest, made by the army of David, was due to the skilful generalship and gallantry of Abishai and Joab. ( :-; compare Psalms 60:1, title.) The valley was the ravine of salt (the Ghor), adjoining the Salt Mountain, at the southwestern extremity of the Dead Sea, separating the ancient territories of Judah and... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - 2 Samuel 8:1-18

4. The security of David’s kingdom ch. 8"From the religious heights of chapter 7 we descend again to the everyday world of battles and bloodshed in chapter 8. The military action picks up where the story left off at the end of chapter 5." [Note: Payne, p. 193.] Chapter 8 evidently describes the conquest of David’s enemies that took place before David brought the ark into Jerusalem (ch. 6) and received the Davidic Covenant (ch. 7). An apparent problem with this view is the statement, "Now after... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 8:1-18

David’s Victories, and a List of his OfficersThis chapter concludes this account of David’s reign. The remainder of the book is taken from a different source.1. Metheg-ammah] RV ’the bridle of the mother city.’ This is supposed to mean ’the authority of the capital,’ namely, Gath (cp. 1 Chronicles 18:1). Many take it, however, as the name (perhaps corrupted) of a place which David took from the Philistines. RM retains Metheg-ammah.2. Casting them down to the ground] RV ’making them to lie down... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - 2 Samuel 8:13

(13) When he returned from smiting of the Syrians.—Possibly, from the similarity in the original between Syria and Edom (see 2 Samuel 8:3; 2 Samuel 8:12), the words “he smote Edom” have dropped out of the text, but this supposition is not necessary. The course of affairs appears to have been as follows:—the war was originally undertaken against the Ammonites (2 Samuel 10:1-12), who had obtained the aid of the Syrians. In the first campaign their combined armies were defeated (2 Samuel... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 8:1-14

CHAPTER X.FOREIGN WARS.2 Samuel 8:1-14.THE transitions of the Bible, like those of actual life, are often singularly abrupt; that which now hurries us from the scene of elevated communion with God to the confused noise and deadly struggles of the battle-field is peculiarly startling. We are called to contemplate David in a remarkable light, as a professional warrior, a man of the sword, a man of blood; wielding the weapons of destruction with all the decision and effect of the most daring... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - 2 Samuel 8:1-18

5. The Extension of His Kingdom CHAPTER 8 1. The Philistines and Moab smitten (2 Samuel 8:1-2 ) 2. Hadadezer overthrown (2 Samuel 8:3-8 ) 3. Further conquests and triumphs (2 Samuel 8:9-14 ) 4. David’s reign and his associates (2 Samuel 8:15-18 ) Great conquests and victories follow. David arose from the presence of the Lord to go forth to conquer. With such a message he had heard, assuring him of the Lord’s presence and power, of the success of his kingdom, he began to extend his... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - 2 Samuel 8:1-18

God's declaration to David of His sovereign counsels in chapter 7 and David's submission and worship had good practical effect. Notice it is "after this" (v.1) that David defeated and subdued the Philistines, taking control of their capital city (Gath). Saul had never been able to do this: in fact he was soundly defeated by the Philistines and killed in his last battle with them (1 Samuel 31:1-13). The reason for this was that he was more interested in his own self-importance than in the... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - 2 Samuel 8:1-18

VICTORY EVERYWHERE INTRODUCTORY WORDS The title to this lesson is from the phrase, twice repeated in chapter 8, “And the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went”; which the RV renders, “And the Lord gave victory to David whithersoever he went.” The Lord’s Battle It is important to keep in mind that the Lord gave the victory and that it was not David’s prowess that won it. Neither did his character merit it. God has a purpose concerning the redemption of the race in which He is using... read more

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