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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Acts 2:5-13

We have here an account of the public notice that was taken of this extraordinary gift with which the disciples were all on a sudden endued. Observe, I. The great concourse of people that there was now at Jerusalem, it should seem more than was usual at the feast of pentecost. There were dwelling or abiding at Jerusalem Jews that were devout men, disposed to religion, and that had the fear of God before their eyes (so the word properly signifies), some of them proselytes of righteousness, that... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Acts 2:1-13

We may never know precisely what happened on the Day of Pentecost but we do know that it was one of the supremely great days of the Christian Church. for on that day the Holy Spirit came to the Christian Church in a very special way. Acts has been called the Gospel of the Holy Spirit; so before we turn to detailed consideration of its second chapter let us take a general view of what Acts has to say about the Holy Spirit. The Coming Of The Spirit It is perhaps unfortunate that we so... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Acts 2:1-13

2:1-13 So when the day of Pentecost came round, they were all together in one place; and all of a sudden there came from heaven a sound like that of a violent, rushing wind and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. And tongues, like tongues of fire, appeared to them, which distributed themselves among them and settled on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and they began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them the power of utterance. ... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 2:9

Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites ,.... These are the words of the men continued, and not of the historian, as appears from Acts 2:10 and so the Arabic version reads, "of us Persians, Parthians, and Medes"; that is, we hear them speak in the language of everyone of us: the order in this version is inverted, otherwise the same persons are intended; for the Elamites and Persians are the same: by the Parthians are meant, Jews that were born in Parthia, and had dwelt there, and who spoke the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 2:10

Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt ,.... Phrygia was a country in Asia, and had part of Galatia on the north, Lycaonia, Pisidia, and Mygdonia on the south, and on the east Cappadocia F24 Plin. l. 5. c. 32. ; here the Apostle Paul afterwards travelled, and strengthened the Christians; see Acts 16:6 . Pamphylia, now called Setilia, is another country in Asia, formerly called Mopsopia F25 Ib. c. 27. ; which had on the west Lycia, and part of Asia, on the north Galatia, on the east... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Acts 2:11

Cretes and Arabians ,.... The former are either the same with the Cretians, Titus 1:12 the inhabitants of the island of Crete, Acts 27:7 now called Candia or Candy, which has on the north the Aegean sea, on the south the Libyan or African sea, on the west the Adriatic sea, and on the east the Carpathian sea. In it were an hundred cities; the most famous of which were, Gnosos, Cortyna, Lyctos, Lycastos, Holopixos, Phaestos, Cydon, Manethusa, Dyctynna F5 Mela, l. 2. c. 14. Vid. Solin.... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 2:9

Parthians - Parthia anciently included the northern part of modern Persia: it was situated between the Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf, rather to the eastward of both. Medes - Media was a country lying in the vicinity of the Caspian Sea; having Parthia on the east, Assyria on the south, and Mesopotamia on the west. Elamites - Probably inhabitants of that country now called Persia: both the Medes and Elamites were a neighboring people, dwelling beyond the Tigris. Mesopotamia - Now... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 2:10

Phrygia - A country in Asia Minor, southward of Pontus. Pamphylia - The ancient name of the country of Natolia, now called Caramania, between Lycia and Cilicia, near the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt - A very extensive country of African bounded by the Mediterranean on the north; by the Red Sea and the Isthmus of Suez, which divide it from Arabia, on the east; by Abyssinia or Ethiopia on the south; and by the deserts of Barca and Nubia on the west. It was called Mizraim by the ancient... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 2:11

Cretes - Natives of Crete, a large and noted island in the Levant, or eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, now called Candia. Arabians - Natives of Arabia, a well known country of Asia, having the Red Sea on the west; the Persian Gulf on the east; Judea on the north; and the Indian Ocean on the south. The wonderful works of God - Such as the incarnation of Christ; his various miracles, preaching, death, resurrection, and ascension; and the design of God to save the world through... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Acts 2:11

Verse 11 11.The wonderful works of God. Luke noteth two things which caused the hearers to wonder; first, because the apostles being before ignorant and private persons, (87) born in a base corner, (88) did, notwithstanding, intreat profoundly of divine matters, and of heavenly wisdom. The other is, because they have new tongues given them suddenly. Both things are worth the noting, because to huddle out [utter] words unadvisedly and foolishly, should not so much have served to move their... read more

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