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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Acts 4:28-31

The two kingdoms in array against one another. I. THE SCRIPTURAL REPRESENTATION RECOGNIZED . The Holy Ghost spake it. The view given in Psalms 2:1-12 . corresponds with that which pervades the Bible. The Babel power over against the kingdom of God. God making all things to work together for his purposes. The history of Jesus Christ a wonderful confirmation of this view. The disciples in their faith and fellowship following their Master and accepting the responsibilities of the... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Acts 4:28

For to do ... - See the notes on Acts 2:23; Acts 3:18. The facts which are brought to view in these verses are among the most remarkable on record. They are briefly these:That the Jewish rulers were opposed to the Messiah, and slew him. (2)That the very people to whom he came, and for whose benefit he labored, joined in the opposition, so that it became the act of a united people.(3)That the Romans, who were there as a sort of representation of all pagan nations, were easily prevailed on to... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Acts 4:23-28

Acts 4:23-28. And being let go Being dismissed from their examination by the rulers; they went to their own company Who, probably, were at this time met together, praying for them; and reported all that the chief priests had said Adding, no doubt, what they were enabled by the grace of God to reply to them, and how their trial issued. And when they heard that A divine inspiration coming upon all that were present in an extraordinary manner; they lifted up their voice to God with one... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Acts 4:1-31

Growth brings opposition (4:1-31)During the centuries leading up to the Christian era (see ‘The New Testament World’), several parties had arisen within the Jewish religion. The most important of these were the Pharisees and the Sadducees.The Pharisees came mainly from the common people, and tried to preserve the Jewish way of life from the corruption of foreign ideas and political ambition. They were concerned with the outward show of religion, but not so concerned with correct attitudes of... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Acts 4:28

counsel. App-102 . Compare Acts 2:23 . determined before. Greek. proorizo. Generally translated "predestinate". See Romans 8:29 , Romans 8:30 ; 1 Corinthians 2:7 . Ephesians 1:5 , Ephesians 1:11 . to be done. Figure of speech Hypo-zeugma ( Zeugma. App-6 ). As "hand" could not determine. read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Acts 4:28

To do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel foreordained to come to pass.Perhaps the profoundest question in theology appears in what is stated here. This is the same problem on a cosmic scale that appears in the more limited instance of Judas' fulfilling prophecy by his betrayal of Jesus. Did God's foreordaining such rebellion against his authority become, in any sense, the cause of it? There are mysteries here beyond any complete human understanding of them; but any solution of the problem must... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Acts 4:27-28

Acts 4:27-28. For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, &c.— We must here observe, that the hand of God most frequently in the Old Testament relates not so much to his power, as to his wisdom, and providential dispensations. So Job 27:11. I will teach you by the hand of God, that is, by his wisdom, in his providential dispensations. Ecclesiastes 2:24. That a man should enjoy good in his labour. This also I saw, that it was from the hand of God: here the hand of God, is his favour, or... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Acts 4:28

28. thy hand and thy counsel determined . . . to be done—that is, "Thy counsel" determined to be done by "Thy hand." read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Acts 4:1-31

1. External opposition 3:1-4:31Opposition to the Christians’ message first came from external sources, particularly the leaders of Judaism. read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Acts 4:23-28

After hearing the apostles’ report, the Christians sought the Lord (Gr. Despota, sovereign ruler) in prayer."Three movements may be discerned in this prayer of the early church: (1) God is sovereign (Acts 4:24). (2) God’s plan includes believers’ facing opposition against the Messiah (Acts 4:25-28). (3) Because of these things they petitioned God to grant them boldness to preach (Acts 4:29-30)." [Note: Toussaint, "Acts," p. 364.] The believers contrasted God’s position with that of His servants... read more

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