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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:1-8

Loth to part (we say) bids oft farewell. Moses does so to the children of Israel: not because he was loth to go to God, but because he was loth to leave them, fearing that when he had left them they would leave God. He had finished what he had to say to them by way of counsel and exhortation: here he calls them together to give them a word of encouragement, especially with reference to the wars of Canaan, in which they were now to engage. It was a discouragement to them that Moses was to be... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:8

And the Lord, he it is that doth go before thee ,.... The Word of the Lord, his Shechinah, according to the above Targum, and so in the next clause; the same that brought Israel out of Egypt, had gone before them in the wilderness, and now would go before Joshua and them into the land of Canaan: he will be with thee ; to guide and direct, to assist and strengthen, to protect and defend, to give success to his arms, and victory over his enemies: he will not fail thee, neither forsake... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Deuteronomy 31:8

The Lord - doth go before thee - To prepare thy way, and to direct thee. He will be with thee - Accompany thee in all thy journeys, and assist thee in all thy enterprises. He will not fail thee - Thy expectation, however strong and extensive, shall never be disappointed: thou canst not expect too much from him. Neither forsake thee - He knows that without him thou canst do nothing, and therefore he will continue with thee, and in such a manner too that the excellence of the power... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:1-8

The leadership made over to Joshua. There is something wonderfully pathetic in the great leader, whose eye is yet undimmed, laying down his trust beside the Jordan. He is a hundred and twenty years old, but the Lord hath denied him the privilege of entering the land of promise. He now meekly resigns his command, and nominates Joshua as his successor. It might have discouraged the people, the loss of their great leader; but he points them upward to the Lord their God, who had been the real... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:1-8

Putting off the harness. Faith in God anticipates every event without distress. If God's plan cut across the grain of our own inclination, faith inspires us to say," His plan is best." By virtue of a living faith, we can face death without anxiety, and advance to meet the last foe. We see in this passage— I. FAITH ACQUIESCENT IN BODILY DISSOLUTION . Splendid triumphs were in sight. The Jewish host was about to complete its conquest; just about to realize full success after... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:1-13

A new generation receiving the heritage of the past. The closing scene of Moses' life is drawing nigh. The time is at hand when he and Israel must part, and the leadership must be undertaken by another. As far as can be done, two things have to be ensured—viz, the conservation of Israel's Law, and the conduct of the people to their goal. "God buries his ministers, but he carries on his work." Hence Moses first addresses all the people; then he turns to Joshua, confirming him as the future... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:3-23

Joshua. Joshua a type of Jesus, the true Leader into the rest of God ( Hebrews 4:8 ). God has given him, as formerly he gave the son of Nun, for "a Leader and Commander to the people" ( Isaiah 55:4 ). I. THE MAN . Joshua as leader was: 1. Divinely appointed (verse 3). 2. Divinely led . "He doth go before thee" (verse 8). The captain had a higher Captain ( Joshua 5:14 ). 3. Divinely assisted . "He will be with thee" (verse 8). Our Leader is Emmanuel—"God... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 31:7-8

Moses, having in view the appointment of Joshua as his successor, also encourages him to go forward on the strength of the Divine promise. Thou must go with this people . This is a correct rendering of the words as they stand in the Hebrew text. The Samaritan, Syriac, and Vulgate have, "Thou shalt bring this people;" but this is probably an arbitrary correction in order to assimilate this to verse 23. And thou shalt cause them to inherit it ; i . e . shalt conduct them to the full... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Deuteronomy 31:7-8

Moses hands over to Joshua that office as leader of the people, to which he had already been designated Deuteronomy 1:38; Numbers 27:23. He assigns also to the Levitical priests and the elders, as the ecclesiastical and civil heads of the nation, the responsibility of teaching the law and enforcing its observance Deuteronomy 31:10-13. Both these were symbolic acts, designed to mark the responsibility of the parties concerned after the death of Moses. read more

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