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Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Deuteronomy 5:21

His field - This clause is not in the tenth commandment as it stands in Exodus 20:17 . read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Deuteronomy 5:9

Verse 9 9Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them. Idolaters in vain endeavor to elude this second point by their foolish cavils; as amongst the Papists that trifling distinction is commonly advanced, that only λατρέια, (81) and not δελέια is prohibited. For Moses, first of all, comprehends generally all the Forms And Ceremonies Of Worship; and then adds immediately afterwards the word עבד, gnabad, which means properly to serve. Hence we conclude that they make a childish endeavor at evasion,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:1-21

The Decalogue. Moses here recalls the Sinaitic covenant, and wishes the Israelites to remember that, though given to their fathers primarily, it was also applicable to them. They were in many cases present as children then, and they were represented by their parents. Moses speaks with authority as having been mediator ( Deuteronomy 5:5 ) on the occasion. There are the following lessons to be learned from the Decalogue as here given:— I. THE COVENANT IS BASED UPON A ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:1-33

Reminiscences of Horeb. I. THE COVENANT . ( Deuteronomy 5:2 , Deuteronomy 5:3 .) 1. Proposed by God ( Exodus 19:3-7 ). 2. Accepted by the people ( Exodus 24:7 ). 3. Entailed obligations on subsequent generations (cf. Deuteronomy 6:2 ). In this covenant, formally ratified by sacrifice ( Exodus 24:6 , Exodus 24:7 ), Israel The new covenant in Christ, while in many respects different from, and superior to, that of Horeb, yet resembles it in several of these... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:6

I am Jehovah thy God . "The Law, the establishing rule for men, can proceed only from him who alone and over all stands fast; i . e . from God, specially as Jehovah. The eternal, unchangeable One, since he demands the obedience of faith (is not merely the moral imperative), must not only reveal himself, but in revealing himself must claim Israel as loyal and faithful; thy God " (Schroeder). read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:6

The Divine Law based on a divinely revealed relationship. "I am the Lord thy God," etc. This little word thy , in this connection, gives us the basis on which the Law was set. Of the event called " the giving of the Law," we feel the thrill even now. That Law has in it four features, corresponding to one or other of the aspects in which the people to whom it was first given may be regarded. They were I. HERE IS A SPECIAL VIEW OF GOD PRESENTED TO THE PEOPLE ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:6-21

The Divine plan for the conduct of our life on earth. Had we been left in ignorance what the Divine intention in human life was, it had been a calamity indeed. Waste and failure must have been the disastrous result. For every honest-minded man, ample direction from the Supreme Source of authority is supplied. The most cogent argument is not always the most convincing. God might here have prefaced his ten words with a proper assertion of his indisputable sovereignty. But he prefers to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:7

In this, the first commandment, the great principle and basis of all true religion is asserted—monotheism, as opposed to polytheism or pantheism There is but one God, and that God is Jehovah, the self-existent and eternal, who yet has personal relations with men. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Deuteronomy 5:7

The first commandment. God the sole object of worship. "Thou shalt have none other gods before me." So runs the first of the Ten Commandments. (For the specific direction of each, see enumeration in Homily on Deuteronomy 5:6 ; for the completeness of the whole, see Homily on Deuteronomy 5:22-33 .) It has been well observed, in reference to the delivery of the Ten Commandments, that "this is the only authentic case in the history of the world of a newly formed nation receiving at once,... read more

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