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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Esther 10:1-3

We are here told, I. How great and powerful king Ahasuerus was. He had a vast dominion, both in the continent and among the islands, from which he raised a vast revenue. Besides the usual customs which the kings of Persia exacted (Ezra 4:13), he laid an additional tribute upon his subjects, to serve for some great occasion he had for money (Est. 10:1): The king laid a tribute. Happy is our island, that pays no tribute but what is laid upon it by its representatives, and those of its own... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Esther 10:2

And all the acts of his power, and of his might ,.... As Xerxes was a very mighty and powerful prince: and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him ; the history of that, and which tended not a little to the greatness, dignity and prosperity of the king himself, and his whole kingdom: are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia ? to which the reader is referred by the writer of this book, the which were in... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Esther 10:2

The book of the chronicles of Media and Persia ? - The Persians have ever been remarkable for keeping exact chronicles of all public events. Their Tareekhs, which are compositions of this kind, are still very numerous, and indeed very important. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Esther 10:1-3

Wisdom at the helm. These concluding verses give a brief and comprehensive view of the results of Mordecai's advancement to power. The influence of the great Jew soon made itself felt to the utmost boundaries of the wide empire. I. A UNIVERSAL TAXING . The laying of "a tribute on the land and the isles of the sea" may seem very arbitrary, but it was probably in the manner of a notable reform. It is to be attributed to Mordecai, and is given as a special instance of his wisdom and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Esther 10:2

All the acts of his power and of his might . These are unknown to us. After the failure of the Grecian expedition Xerxes attempted nothing further on that side of his empire, and the Greeks consequently record nothing more concerning him. He may have made expeditions in other directions. But the chief evidences that we have of his activity point to his having sought to gratify his ambition and give vent to his .grand ideas by erecting magnificent buildings. The book of the chronicles . See... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Esther 10:2

Power and ... might - In the later years of Xerxes his “power and might” were chiefly shown in the erection of magnificent buildings, more especially at Persepolis. He abstained from military expeditions.Kings of Media and Persia - Media takes precedence of Persia because the kingdom of Media had preceded that of Persia, and in the “book of the Chronicles” its history came first. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Esther 10:2

Esther 10:2. All the acts of his power, and of his might, and of the greatness of Mordecai These words signify, that as this king did great things, so they were to be ascribed very much to the management of Mordecai after he was advanced to the highest authority in the kingdom. But it was not the design of the author of this history to relate such things, for which he refers to the public records of the kingdom, which were kept in some part of the king’s house, as appears from Esther 6:1,... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Esther 10:1-3

Continued prosperity (10:1-3)The book concludes by noting the greatness of Mordecai and the benefits that he brought to the Jewish people. Under his administration, non-Jewish peoples were forced to contribute more to the Empire’s economy, so the burden on the Jews was eased (10:1-2). Mordecai continued in his position as chief minister in the government of Ahasuerus for many years, and under him the Jews had security and contentment (3). read more

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