Read & Study the Bible Online - Bible Portal
Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Esther 9:1-32

8:1-10:3 THE JEWS TRIUMPHANTVictory and celebration (8:1-9:32)Although Mordecai was appointed chief minister instead of Haman (8:1-2), the decree arranged by Haman was still in force. A king’s decree could not be changed. However, the king gave Esther and Mordecai his authority to issue a new decree that would counteract the former one (3-8).Esther and Mordecai acted promptly. They gave the Jews permission to take whatever action they chose in order to defend themselves against any attack on... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Esther 9:21

stablish = ordain. Hebrew. kum, as in verses: Esther 9:29 , Esther 9:31 . read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Esther 9:20-32

Esther 9:20-32. And Mordecai wrote these things, &c.— See the introductory note to this book. It is from the 20th verse that some have supposed Mordecai to have been the author of it: but it is very evident, that these words relate not to the book itself, but to the circular letters which Mordecai sent to the Jews in all the provinces of the Persian empire; signifying what a mighty deliverance God had vouchsafed them, and appointing in commemoration thereof an annual festival to be observed... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Esther 9:20-32

IV. THE JEWS’ REJOICING 9:20-32The tables having been turned, the tables could now be spread. [Note: Wiersbe, p. 746.] Evidently Mordecai issued the decree establishing the Feast of Purim some time after the slaying of the Jews’ enemies (Esther 9:20). His proclamation united the two days on which the Jews had defended themselves (Adar 13 and 14) into one holiday. During the inter-testamental period the Jews called Adar 14 "Mordecai Day" (2 Maccabees 15:36, RSV), but they discarded this special... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Esther 9:1-32

The Jews Slay their Enemies. Institution of Purim3. All the rulers, etc.] The great massacre described in Esther 9:16 is thus represented as being in part the work of the Persian authorities with the forces at their disposal. 10. On the spoil, etc.] In this respect they did not carry out the king’s decree (Esther 8:11); their vengeance was not sullied by sordid motives.12. What have they done, etc.] An exclamation, not a question. What is thy petition? etc.] The king was willing to gratify... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Esther 9:21

(21) And the fifteenth day of the same.—The Jews in the provinces had already made the fourteenth day a day of gladness and feasting. Mordecai now bids that the fifteenth also be so kept. read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Esther 9:1-32

THE THIRTEENTH DAY OF ADAR AND THE FEAST OF PURIM CHAPTER 9 1. The resistance and victory of the Jews (Esther 9:1-11 ) 2. Esther’s petition (Esther 9:12-16 ) 3. The institution of Purim (Esther 9:17-19 ) 4. The messages of Mordecai and Esther (Esther 9:20-32 ) Esther 9:1-11 . The fateful day, the thirteenth day of Adar, came and with it the retribution for the enemies of the Jews. On that day they gathered together to withstand all who would assault them. The princes and governors and... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Esther 9:1-32

THE JEWS VICTORIOUS (vv. 1-17) On the day prescribed in both decrees, when the enemies of the Jews expected to destroy all the Jews in the Persian empire, the tables were turned completely, for besides having the king's permission to fight for their lives, the Jews were given power from God to defeat and destroy all their enemies (v. 1).As it was permitted them, the Jews gathered together to make a united stand against the many who sought their destruction, and their energy was such that no... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Esther 9:1-32

DELIVERANCE COMES THE KING’S DECREE (Esther 8:0 ) The “house” of Haman meant his possessions (Esther 8:1 ). His death, however, and Mordecai’s distinction did not mean that the decree against the Jews had been annulled, which, indeed, could not be annulled, according to Persian law. This is the problem, now before Esther and Mordecai (Esther 8:3-5 ), and which the king solves by granting permission to the Jews to arm themselves against their executioners (Esther 8:8-11 ). The effect of this... read more

Joseph Parker

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker - Esther 9:1-32

Reprisals Esther 7-10 WE have seen Esther in the attitude of lifting the index finger; we have now to consider the attitude of Haman whilst that finger was being pointed at him. The statement is marked by great simplicity, but also by solemn suggestiveness, "Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen" ( Est 7:6 ). Why was he afraid? Nothing had been stated but simple fact: is it possible that a man can be terrified by being reminded of simple reality? We may go farther in this... read more

Group of Brands