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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 10:12-20

Here is, I. The invasion of the land by the locusts?God's great army, Joel 2:11. God bids Moses stretch out his hand (Exod. 10:12), to beckon them, as it wee (for they came at a call), and he stretched forth his rod, Exod. 10:13. Compare Exod. 9:22, 23. Moses ascribes it to the stretching out, not of his own hand, but the rod of God, the instituted sign of God's presence with him. The locusts obey the summons, and fly upon the wings of the wind, the east wind, and caterpillars without number,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 10:18

And he went out from Pharaoh ,.... Without the city, as he had been wont to do: and entreated the Lord; prayed to him that he would remove the plague of the locusts from the land. read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 10:18

Verse 18 18.And he went out. We have stated why the holy Prophet went out from the king to pray, viz., because he was not worthy that the sacred name of God should be invoked in his presence. Therefore Moses did not offer prayer for him, because he thought him to be really converted, but that he might open God’s way for the remaining contests. If, indeed, a choice had been given to the holy man, I do not doubt that he would have been disposed by his extraordinary kindness of heart, willingly to... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:1-19

The Eighth Plague: the locusts. I. CONSIDER THE EMPHATIC STATEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE HARDENING OF THE HEART . In Exodus 9:34 we are told that when the hail and the thunder ceased, Pharaoh hardened his heart, he and his servants. Note here two things: 1 . How Pharaoh's heart was hardened just after he had made a confession of sin; from which we see how little he understood by the word "sin," and how little he meant by the confession. 2 . The... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:7-21

The plague of locusts. Of the two principal terms used to denote "hardening," one means "to strengthen, or make firm," the other, "to make heavy, or obtuse." It is the latter of these (used also in Exodus 8:15 , Exodus 8:32 ; Exodus 9:7 ) which is used in Exodus 9:34 , and Exodus 10:1 . The growing obtuseness of Pharaoh's mind is very apparent from the narrative. He is losing the power of right judgment. He began by hardening himself (making his heart strong and firm) against... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:12-20

The plague of locusts. I. GOD 'S JUDGMENT . 1 . Though restrained for a time, it will surely fall. It is no argument that the threatening is vain, because, while the servants of God try to persuade, there is no token of the coming judgment. 2 . When it does come, it is not less than was foretold (14, 15). God's deed is his comment on his Word, and reveals the terror whose shadow lay in it. The flood was not less than Noah's warnings painted it, nor Jerusalem's judgment than... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:16-20

The agency of nature used by God both in inflicting and removing judgments. God's footsteps are not known. Since Eden was lost to us it has pleased him, for inscrutable reasons, to withdraw himself behind the screen of nature, and to work out his purposes—in the main, through natural agencies. He punishes idleness and imprudence by poverty and contempt; intemperance and uncleanness, by disease; inordinate ambition, by collapse of schemes, loss of battles, deposition, exile, early death.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:18

He … intreated the Lord . Moses complied, though Pharaoh had this time made no distinct promise of releasing the people. He had learnt that no dependence was to be placed on such promises, and that it was idle to exact them. If anything could have touched the dull and hard heart of the king, it would have been the gentleness and magnanimity shown by Moses in uttering no word of reproach, making no conditions, but simply granting his request as soon as it was made, and obtaining the removal... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 10:1-29

Nine plagues (7:14-10:29)The timing, intensity and extent of these plagues show clearly that they were sent by God. It also seems fairly clear that God used the physical characteristics of the Nile valley to produce them.When the first plague struck, it polluted all the water in the Nile and in the irrigation canals and reservoirs connected with it, resulting in all the fish dying. As the dead fish floated to the banks they would force the frogs out of the water, thereby producing the second... read more

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