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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 10:12-20

Here is, I. The invasion of the land by the locusts?God's great army, Joel 2:11. God bids Moses stretch out his hand (Exod. 10:12), to beckon them, as it wee (for they came at a call), and he stretched forth his rod, Exod. 10:13. Compare Exod. 9:22, 23. Moses ascribes it to the stretching out, not of his own hand, but the rod of God, the instituted sign of God's presence with him. The locusts obey the summons, and fly upon the wings of the wind, the east wind, and caterpillars without number,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 10:16

Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste ,.... Or, "hastened to call them" F20 וימהר־לקרא "et festinavit ad vocandum", Montanus; "festinavit accersere", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. ; sent messengers in all haste to fetch them, and desire them to come as soon as possible to him. Thus he who a few hours ago drove them from his presence, in a hurry, sends for them to come to him with all speed, which the present circumstances he was in required: and he said to Moses... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 10:16

Verse 16 16.Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste. This haste arose from anxiety and fear, because it was a time of extremity, and the enormity of the evil admitted no delay. By this vehemence, then, Pharaoh betrays his distress, when he not only willingly is inclined to recall Moses, whom he had lately driven out, but does so in such haste. The confession which is added, although it flowed from a double or deceitful heart, still was not altogether feigned. For we cannot doubt that... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:1-19

The Eighth Plague: the locusts. I. CONSIDER THE EMPHATIC STATEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE HARDENING OF THE HEART . In Exodus 9:34 we are told that when the hail and the thunder ceased, Pharaoh hardened his heart, he and his servants. Note here two things: 1 . How Pharaoh's heart was hardened just after he had made a confession of sin; from which we see how little he understood by the word "sin," and how little he meant by the confession. 2 . The... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:7-21

The plague of locusts. Of the two principal terms used to denote "hardening," one means "to strengthen, or make firm," the other, "to make heavy, or obtuse." It is the latter of these (used also in Exodus 8:15 , Exodus 8:32 ; Exodus 9:7 ) which is used in Exodus 9:34 , and Exodus 10:1 . The growing obtuseness of Pharaoh's mind is very apparent from the narrative. He is losing the power of right judgment. He began by hardening himself (making his heart strong and firm) against... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:12-20

The plague of locusts. I. GOD 'S JUDGMENT . 1 . Though restrained for a time, it will surely fall. It is no argument that the threatening is vain, because, while the servants of God try to persuade, there is no token of the coming judgment. 2 . When it does come, it is not less than was foretold (14, 15). God's deed is his comment on his Word, and reveals the terror whose shadow lay in it. The flood was not less than Noah's warnings painted it, nor Jerusalem's judgment than... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:16

Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste . Literally, as in the margin, "hasted to call for M . and A ." He had made similar appeals before ( Exodus 8:8 , Exodus 8:25 ; Exodus 9:27 ), but never with such haste and urgency. Evidently, the locusts were felt as a severer infliction than any previous one. I have sinned . So, after the plague of hail ( Exodus 9:27 ); but here we have the further acknowledgment, against the Lord your God and against you ; "against the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 10:16-20

The agency of nature used by God both in inflicting and removing judgments. God's footsteps are not known. Since Eden was lost to us it has pleased him, for inscrutable reasons, to withdraw himself behind the screen of nature, and to work out his purposes—in the main, through natural agencies. He punishes idleness and imprudence by poverty and contempt; intemperance and uncleanness, by disease; inordinate ambition, by collapse of schemes, loss of battles, deposition, exile, early death.... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 10:1-29

Nine plagues (7:14-10:29)The timing, intensity and extent of these plagues show clearly that they were sent by God. It also seems fairly clear that God used the physical characteristics of the Nile valley to produce them.When the first plague struck, it polluted all the water in the Nile and in the irrigation canals and reservoirs connected with it, resulting in all the fish dying. As the dead fish floated to the banks they would force the frogs out of the water, thereby producing the second... read more

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