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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 11:1-3

Here is, I. The high favour Moses and Israel were in with God. 1. Moses was a favourite of Heaven, for God will not hide from him the thing he will do. God not only makes him his messenger to deliver his errands, but communicates to him his purpose (as the man of his counsel) that he would bring one plague more, and but one, upon Pharaoh, by which he would complete the deliverance of Israel, Exod. 11:1. Moses longed to see an end of this dreadful work, to see Egypt no more plagued and Israel... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 11:4-10

Warning is here given to Pharaoh of the last and conquering plague which was now to be inflicted. This was the death of all the first-born in Egypt at once, which had been first threatened (Exod. 4:23; I will slay thy son, thy first-born), but is last executed; less judgments were tried, which, if they had done the work would have prevented this. See how slow God is to wrath, and how willing to be met with in the way of his judgments, and to have his anger turned away, and particularly how... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:1

And the Lord said unto Moses ,.... While in the presence of Pharaoh, by a secret impulse upon his mind; or he had said F13 ויאמר "dixerat", some in Vatablus, Ainsworth, Cartwright; so Aben Ezra. , which some refer as far back as to his appearance to him in Midian, Exodus 4:23 , which is too remote; rather it refers to the last time he went to Pharaoh, being sent for by him; and the words may be rendered, "for the Lord had said" F14 "Dixerat enim", Junius & Tremellius,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:2

Speak now in the ears of the people ,.... This cannot be understood of the whole body of the people being gathered together, but of some of the principal ones, who should communicate it to others, and so from one to another, until all the heads and masters of families became acquainted with it: and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold ; to ornament themselves with at the feast they were going to keep: the Samaritan... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:3

And the Lord gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians ,.... So that they freely and willingly lent them the things they asked of them; which seems to be said by way of anticipation, for this was not done until the following plague was inflicted, see Exodus 12:35 , moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt ; his name was famous throughout the whole land, because of the signs and wonders, and miracles wrought by him; they took him to be a very extraordinary... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:4

And Moses said ,.... To Pharaoh before he left him, when he had told him he should see his face no more; for the three preceding verses are to be read in a parenthesis, being placed here by the historian, as giving some light to this last discourse and transaction between Moses and Pharaoh: thus saith the Lord, about midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt ; perhaps to the capital and metropolis of it, which might stand in the midst of it, as usually does the royal city; or it may... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:5

And all the firstborn in the land of Eygpt shall die, .... By the destroying angel inflicting a disease upon them, as Josephus says F17 Antiqu. l. 2. c. 14. sect. 6. , very probably the pestilence; however, it was sudden and immediate death, and which was universal, reaching to all the firstborn that were in the families of the Egyptians in all parts of the kingdom: from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne : this periphrasis, "that sitteth upon his throne", either... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:6

And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt ,.... Of parents for the loss of their firstborn sons, their heirs, the support and glory of their families; children for the loss of their elder brethren; and servants for the loss of the prime and principal in their masters' houses; and all in a dreadful fright, expecting instantly death themselves: such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more ; for though the later destruction of Pharaoh and his host in... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:7

But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ,.... That is, as no hurt should be done to man or beast among them, to the firstborn of either of them, so there would be no noise or cry in their dwellings, but the profoundest silence, stillness, and quietness among them; though this is generally understood of what would be their case when on their march departing out of Egypt, which was immediately upon the slaying of the firstborn; and, if... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 11:8

And all these thy servants ,.... Pharaoh's nobles, ministers, courtiers and counsellors, who were then in his presence, and stood about him, to whom Moses pointed: shall come down unto me ; from Pharaoh's palace, which might be built on an eminence, to the place where Moses had dwelt during the time he had been in Egypt, which might lie lower; or these should come from Zoan, or from Memphis, whichever of them was now the royal city, to the land of Goshen, which lay lower than the other... read more

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