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Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:1-36

The Passover (12:1-36)Until now the Israelites had escaped the judgment of the plagues without having to do anything, but now their safety depended on their carrying out God’s commands. Redemption involves faith and obedience.Each family would be delivered from judgment only by killing a sacrificial animal as substitute for it, and sprinkling the animal’s blood on the door of the house where the family lived. The sprinkled blood indicated to those outside that a substitutionary sacrifice had... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 12:21-28

"Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning. For Jehovah will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood that is on the lintel and the two... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 12:1-28

1. The consecration of Israel as the covenant nation 12:1-28"The account of the final proof of Yahweh’s Presence in Egypt has been expanded by a series of instructions related to cultic [ritual worship] requirements designed to commemorate that proof and the freedom it purchased." [Note: Durham, p. 152.] read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 12:21-28

The communication and execution of the directions concerning the Passover 12:21-28Hyssop grew commonly on rocks and walls in the Near East and Egypt (Exodus 12:22). If it was the same plant that we identify as hyssop today, masses of tiny white flowers and a fragrant aroma characterized it. The Jews used it for applying blood to the door in the Passover ritual because of its availability and suitability as a liquid applicator. They also used it in the purification rite for lepers (Leviticus... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 12:1-51

The Institution of the Passover. The Tenth Plague, and the Departure of Israel1. In the land of Egypt] These words suggest that what follows was written independently of the foregoing narrative, and an examination of this chapter shows that it contains two separate accounts of the institution of the Passover, one extending from Exodus 12:1-20, the other from Exodus 12:21-28. The latter is the proper continuation of Exodus 11.2. The beginning of months] The exodus is regarded as an... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Exodus 12:1-51

Exodus 12:8 Christianity, considered as a moral system, is made up of two elements, beauty and severity; whenever either is indulged to the loss or disparagement of the other, evil ensues.... Even the Jews, to whom this earth was especially given, and who might be supposed to be at liberty without offence to satiate themselves in its gifts, were not allowed to enjoy it without restraint. Even the Paschal Lamb, their great typical feast, was eaten 'with bitter herbs'. Newman, Sermons on... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:1-28

CHAPTER XII.THE PASSOVER.Exodus 12:1-28.We have now reached the birthday of the great Hebrew nation, and with it the first national institution, the feast of passover, which is also the first sacrifice of directly Divine institution, the earliest precept of the Hebrew legislation, and the only one given in Egypt.The Jews had by this time learned to feel that they were a nation, if it were only through the struggle between their champion and the head of the greatest nation in the world. And the... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Exodus 12:1-51

5. Redemption by Blood, the Passover and the Law of the Firstborn CHAPTER 12 The Passover Instituted and Kept, the Death of the Firstborn and the Exodus 1. The Passover instituted and the feast of unleavened bread (Exodus 12:1-20 ) 2. The command given to the people and obeyed (Exodus 12:21-28 ) 3. The death of the firstborn in Egypt (Exodus 12:29-30 ) 4. The departure of the children of Israel (Exodus 12:31-36 ) 5. From Rameses to Succoth (Exodus 12:37-39 ) 6. The fulfillment of... read more

John Calvin

Geneva Study Bible - Exodus 12:25

12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the {m} land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.(m) The land of Canaan. read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 12:1-51

THE PASSOVER FEAST (vs.1-28) The time finally arrives for the Lord to accomplish a work of amazing power in Egypt in the deliverance of a nation numbering over two million, from the bondage of Egypt. Speaking to Moses and Aaron, the Lord tells them that this month was to be to Israel the beginning of months, the first month of their year. A new beginning was to take place at this time, a beginning based on the value of the blood of the lamb of sacrifice (v.2). Clearly this is typical of the... read more

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