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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 12:29-36

Here we have, I. The Egyptians? sons, even their first-born, slain, Exod. 12:29, 30. If Pharaoh would have taken the warning which was given him of this plague, and would thereupon have released Israel, what a great many dear and valuable lives might have been preserved! But see what obstinate infidelity brings upon men. Observe, 1. The time when this blow was given: It was at midnight, which added to the terror of it. The three preceding nights were made dreadful by the additional plague of... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 12:37-42

Here is the departure of the children of Israel out of Egypt; having obtained their dismission, they set forward without delay, and did not defer to a more convenient season. Pharaoh was now in a good mind; but they had reason to think he would not long continue so, and therefore it was no time to linger. We have here an account, 1. Of their number, about 600,000 men (Exod. 12:37), besides women and children, which I think, we cannot suppose to make less than 1,200,000 more. What a vast... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:31

And he called for Moses and Aaron by night ,.... Not that Pharaoh went in person, but he sent his servants to call them; for they never saw his face more after he had drove them from his presence; but now was fulfilled what Moses told him, that his servants should come to him in a very suppliant manner, and entreat him and his people to get away in all haste, Exodus 10:28 . Where Moses and Aaron now were is not certain, probably in the city, or suburbs of it, where Pharaoh's palace was,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:32

Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said ,.... Which they had insisted upon should go with them, but he had refused, but now he is willing they should go with them: and be gone ; out of his city and country in all haste: and bless me also ; or pray for me, as the Targum of Onkelos; pray the Lord to bestow a blessing upon me also, as I have done well by you in suffering you to depart with your whole families, flocks, and herds. The Targum of Jonathan is,"I desire nothing... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:33

And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people ,.... The people of Israel; not using force, but strong entreaties, the most powerful arguments, and importunate language they were masters of: that they might send them out of the land in haste : this looks as if it was the people about Pharaoh, his ministers and courtiers, they were pressing upon to dismiss the Israelites at once, and to hasten their departure; or else Moses and Aaron, and the elders of the people, to stir them up to a... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:34

And the people took their dough before it was leavened ,.... They had that evening mixed their flour with water, and made it into dough, but had put no leaven into it; and the Egyptians being so very earnest to have them gone, they stayed not to put any leaven into it: but their kneadingtroughs , or rather "their dough": being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders ; for it is not likely that their troughs should be wrapped up in the skirts of their garments; but their... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:35

And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses ,.... Exodus 3:22 . and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment ; or "they asked" F1 וישאלו "et postulaverunt", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus; "petierunt", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. them of the Egyptians to give them them, which they readily did to get rid of them; for upon their being urgent with the Israelites to be gone in haste, they might reply, that they were not... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:36

And the Lord gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians ,.... Their minds were disposed towards them, and their hearts were inclined to grant their request, and did grant it: so they lent unto them : such things as they required; or "they gave unto them" F2 וישאלום "ut petita darent", Tigurine version, "ut dederint", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Ainsworth, Cartwright. ; made presents of them freely to them; and so Josephus says F3 Antiqu. l. 2. c. 14. sect. 6.... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:37

And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth ,.... Rameses was a place in Goshen, or rather the land of Goshen, from whence the country was so called; See Gill on Genesis 47:11 . The Targum of Jonathan takes it to be Pelusium, or Sin, now called Tinah, formerly the strength of Egypt, and which lay at the entrance of it, and says it was one hundred and thirty miles to Succoth; and Jarchi says one hundred and twenty. But the distance between these two places was not so great;... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 12:38

And a mixed multitude went up also with them ,.... Some of these were Egyptians, and some of other nations that had resided in Egypt, and who, on various accounts, might choose to go along with the children of Israel; some through intermarriages with them, being loath to part with their relations, see Leviticus 20:10 , others on account of religion, being proselytes of righteousness, and others through worldly interest, the land of Egypt being by the plagues a most desolate place; and such... read more

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