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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 14:15-20

We have here, I. Direction given to Israel's leader. 1. What he must do himself. He must, for the present, leave off praying, and apply himself to his business (Exod. 14:15): Wherefore cryest thou unto me? Moses, though he was assured of a good issue to the present distress, yet did not neglect prayer. We read not of one word he said in prayer, but he lifted up to God his heart, the language of which God well understood and took notice of. Moses's silent prayers of faith prevailed more with... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 14:17

And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians ,.... That they shall have no sense of danger, and be fearless of it, incautious and thoughtless, hurried on with wrath and fury, malice and revenge: and they shall follow them ; the Israelites into the sea, supposing it to be as safe for the one as the other: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen : by the utter destruction of them, in just retaliation for the... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 14:17

Verse 17 17.I will harden. God once more affirms, for the greater exaltation of His own power, that He will harden the Egyptians, so that, as if devoted to destruction, they may cast themselves into the midst of the sea; which they certainly would never have done, unless He had guided their hearts by his secret influence; because it could not have escaped them that a passage for the Israelites was opened by His special gift, from whence they might gather that the elements were at war with them.... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 14:10-23

The deliverance. Consider on this section:— I. THE CRITICAL SITUATION OF THE ISRAELITES . 1 . Their position. "Encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal Zephon" ( Exodus 14:9 ). The first view of the sea would probably be attractive to them. Its breeze, after the tedious travel of the desert, would be deliciously refreshing. They would look with a child's wonder and delight on the novel spectacle it presented. They would crowd to the beach to watch its... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 14:13-31

God completes the deliverance of the Israelites from Pharaoh and removes their terror. I. NOTE THE WAY IN WHICH MOSES MEETS THE COMPLAINTS OF THE ISRAELITES . They had addressed to him sarcastic, flippant, and in every way unworthy speeches. They were not so filled with fear, not so occupied with the troubles of their own hearts, but that they could find a malignant delight in striving to make him ridiculous. This mingling of feelings on their part, fear mingled... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 14:15-18

1 . The Israelites are to make themselves ready for a forward movement ( Exodus 14:15 ); 2 . Moses is to stretch oat his rod over the Red Sea, and it will be divided; 3 . The Israelites are then to make the passage on dry ground; 4 . The Egyptians are to follow, and then honour is to be gotten upon them; and they are to know by the result that God is indeed Jehovah. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 14:15-18

The reward of faith. God rewarded the faith and trust of Moses by a revelation of the manner of that deliverance which he so confidently expected. Hitherto the manner had been involved in mystery; and it is scarcely likely that any one had even conjectured it as a possible thing. There was no precedent for such an interference with the laws of nature; and the thought could scarcely occur to the imagination of any one. But, to reward his faithful servant, to quiet his anxiety, and give... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 14:15-18

Obedience necessary to salvation. I. THE DUTY OF THOSE WHO ARE LEADERS AMONG THEIR BRETHREN IN TIMES OF TRIAL . 1 . There is a time for action as well as prayer: "Wherefore criest thou unto me?" 2 . To speak to them that they go forward. 3 . To do what God bids them in opening up their brethren's way. "Lift thou up thy rod." The lifting up of the rod seemed a vain thing, but it clove a path for Israel through the heart of the sea. Our service for... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 14:17

I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians . Here, and here only, are the hearts of the Egyptians generally said to have been "hardened." Whatever meaning we attach to the expression, there will be no more difficulty in applying it to them than to Pharaoh. They had made themselves partakers in the monarch's guilt by mustering in hot haste when he summoned them, and had allowed themselves to revel in the anticipation of plunder and carnage ( Exodus 15:9 ). Under such circumstances, the... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 14:1-31

Final triumph over Egypt (13:17-14:31)When they left Egypt, the Israelites did not go by way of the Mediterranean coast, as this was well defended by the Egyptians and war would certainly have resulted. Instead they went east towards the Red Sea (17-18). (A literal translation for the name of this stretch of water is Sea of Reeds. It was not the 200 kilometre wide sea that we today call the Red Sea, but probably an extension of the Red Sea’s north-western arm, the Gulf of Suez. It seems to have... read more

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