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James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 14:5-9

"And it was told the king of Egypt that the people were fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, What is this that we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us? And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with hire' and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them. And Jehovah hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: for... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Exodus 14:6

6, 7. he made ready his chariot—His preparations for an immediate and hot pursuit are here described: A difference is made between "the chosen chariots" and "the chariots of Egypt." The first evidently composed the king's guard, amounting to six hundred, and they are called "chosen," literally, "third men"; three men being allotted to each chariot, the charioteer and two warriors. As to "the chariots of Egypt," the common cars contained only two persons, one for driving and the other for... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 14:5-14

This is the first of Israel’s many complaints against Moses and Yahweh that Moses recorded in Scripture. It is the first of ten that culminated in God’s judgment of them at Kadesh Barnea (Exodus 14:11; Numbers 14:22-23)."This is the first example in the Old Testament of what some scholars call ’holy war’ or ’Yahweh war.’ That is, this war was undertaken by the Lord in defense of His own reputation, promises, and self-interest (Exodus 14:10-14; see also, for example, Exodus 15:3; Deuteronomy... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 14:1-31

Crossing the Red Sea2. At Etham the Israelites reached the Egyptian frontier, travelling in a northeasterly direction. Instead of crossing the frontier to the E. side of the Bitter Lakes they are commanded to turn southwards, keeping the Red Sea on their left. The reason for this change of route may have been a repulse by the garrison of one of the line of fortresses on the E. border of Egypt. None of the places mentioned here has been identified with certainty. There is even a doubt as to what... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Exodus 14:6

(6) He made ready his chariot.—Egyptian monarchs of the Rameside period almost always led their armies out to battle, and when they did so, uniformly rode with a single attendant, who acted as charioteer, in a two-horse chariot. “Made ready” means, of course, ordered to be made ready. read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Exodus 14:1-31

Exodus 14:13 In explaining ( Apologia, pp. 262 f.) why he had not come forward in defence of Catholic truth against the scientific heresies of the age, Newman writes: 'It seemed to be specially a time in which Christians had a call to be patient, in which they had no other way of helping those who were alarmed than that of exhorting them to have a little faith and fortitude and to "beware," as the poet says, "of dangerous steps."' In this policy he also felt the Papal authorities would support... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Exodus 14:1-31

CHAPTER XIV.THE RED SEA.Exodus 14:1-31.It would seem that the Israelites recoiled before a frontier fortress of Egypt at Khetam (Etham). This is probable, whatever theory of the route of the Exodus one may adopt; and it is still open to every reader to adopt almost any theory he pleases, provided that two facts are borne in mind: viz., first, that the narrative certainly means to describe a miraculous interference, not superseding the forces of nature, but wielding them in a fashion impossible... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Exodus 14:1-31

CHAPTER 14 The Pursuit of the Enemy and Redemption by Power 1. The coming of Pharaoh announced (Exodus 14:1-4 ) 2. The pursuit and Israel troubled (Exodus 14:5-12 ) 3. Moses speaks to the people (Exodus 14:13-14 ) 4. The Lord speaks to Moses (Exodus 14:15-18 ) 5. The passages through the Red Sea (Exodus 14:19-22 ) 6. The Egyptians overthrown (Exodus 14:23-29 ) 7. The great work accomplished (Exodus 14:30-31 ) While the marching host of Israel was ignorant of Pharaoh’s device and... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 14:1-31

THE OBSTACLE OF THE RED SEA (vs.1-2) By the Word of the Lord Israel was brought now to a spot from which there was no natural way of escape. The Red Sea was before them, three mountains surrounded them except to their rearward. But they could not go back, for God informed them that Pharaoh was having his heart hardened by God so as to pursue them (v.4). He tells Moses to command the children of Israel to encamp before Pihahiroth. This means "the mouth of wrath kinglings" (v.2). They are not... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Exodus 14:1-31

HORSE AND RIDER THROWN THROUGH THE RED SEA ( Exodus 14:0 ) What was the command now given to Moses (Exodus 14:2 )? From Etham, their present stopping place, the next step was of great importance. That town was near the head of the Red Sea at the border of the wilderness of Arabia and the limit of the three days’ journey for which they had applied to Pharaoh. Would they remain there and offer their sacrifices as proposed, or continue their journey and endeavor to leave the country of the... read more

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