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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 17:8-16

Victory through faith. I. IN THE WARFARE OF FAITH , PRAYER AND EFFORT MUST BE JOINED TOGETHER . 1 . Arrangements are carefully made for both. 2 . Joshua discomfited Amalek with the edge of the sword; but the battle was for or against Israel, as Moses' hands were lifted up in strong supplication or hung down in weariness. II. AIDS TO PREVAILING PRAYER . 1 . The remembrance of past deliverances and services. Moses takes the rod of God in his... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Exodus 17:8

Then came Amalek - The attack occurred about two months after the Exodus, toward the end of May or early in June, when the Bedouins leave the lower plains in order to find pasture for their flocks on the cooler heights. The approach of the Israelites to Sinai would of course attract notice, and no cause of warfare is more common than a dispute for the right of pasturage. The Amalekites were at that time the most powerful race in the Peninsula; here they took their position as the chief of the... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Exodus 17:8

Exodus 17:8. Then came Amalek When they were upon their march from Rephidim to Horeb, (Deuteronomy 25:17-18,) and fought with Israel The Amalekites were the posterity of Esau, who hated Jacob because of the birthright and blessing. They did not boldly front them as a generous enemy, but, without any provocation given, basely fell upon their rear, and smote them that were faint and feeble. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 17:1-16

Events at Rephidim (17:1-16)When the people arrived at Rephidim and found no water, they again complained against God and against Moses. Once more Moses prayed for them and once more God miraculously provided. The names by which the place became known, Massah and Meribah, reminded the people of how they ‘tested’ God (Massah) and ‘argued with’ Moses (Meribah) (17:1-7).The Amalekites, a race of wild desert nomads descended from Esau (see Genesis 36:12,Genesis 36:16), saw the migration of the... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Exodus 17:8

Then came Amalek. See on Genesis 21:25 and Judges 5:11 . Amalek came to fight for the water. Compare Deuteronomy 25:17 , Deuteronomy 25:18 . Amalek came behind and attacked the rear, and he "feared not God", Deuteronomy 25:8 . Amalek , Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part), App-6 , put for Amalekites. At Rephidim, they got water plus Amalek; at Meribah, water plus Edom. read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 17:8-10

WAR WITH AMALEK"Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek; tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand. So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.""Amalek ..." Who were the Amalekites? Amalek was the son of Eliphaz and the grandson of Esau (Genesis 36:12,16). In this place, Amalek is used as a... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Exodus 17:8

Exodus 17:8. Then came Amalek— We learn from Deu 25:18 that the Amalekites fell upon the hindmost part of the Israelitish army, and smote all that were feeble behind, at a time when they were all faint and weary at Rephidim. After this attack upon the rear, they came to a pitched battle in the plain below Mount Horeb, Exodus 17:10. The Amalekites inhabited some part of Arabia Petraea, near Rephidim, between that place and Canaan. They were descendants of Esau; and are therefore supposed to have... read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Exodus 17:8

8. Then came Amalek—Some time probably elapsed before they were exposed to this new evil; and the presumption of there being such an interval affords the only ground on which we can satisfactorily account for the altered, the better, and former spirit that animated the people in this sudden contest. The miracles of the manna and the water from the rock had produced a deep impression and permanent conviction that God was indeed among them; and with feelings elevated by the conscious experience... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 17:8-13

Moses used "Amalek" to represent the Amalekites, as he often used "Israel" for the Israelites (Exodus 17:8). The Amalekites were a tribe of Semites. They had descended from one of Esau’s grandsons (Genesis 36:12) and had settled in the part of Sinai the Israelites now occupied. They also inhabited an area in southern Canaan (cf. Genesis 14:7). They evidently opposed Israel in battle because they felt Israel was a threat to their security.This is the first biblical reference to Joshua (Exodus... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 17:8-16

4. The hostility of the Amalekites 17:8-16Whereas the Israelites had feared the possibility of having to battle the Egyptians (Exodus 14:10), they now did engage in battle with the Amalekites."The primary function of this section in its present location is the demonstration of yet another proof and benefit of Yahweh’s Presence with Israel. The occasion for the demonstration this time is an attack from the outside instead of an internal complaint. The result, however, is once again an undeniable... read more

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