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Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 28:20-43

6. The investiture of the priests 27:20-28:43Here begins the revelation of those things that related to the Israelites’ relationship with God (Exodus 27:20 to Exodus 30:38). The preceding section (Exodus 25:10 to Exodus 27:19) emphasized the revelation of the things that revealed God’s character. The priesthood is the primary revelation in this new section."The approach to the Holy One, both within the biblical tradition and outside it, has always included some kind of mediatorial ministry, for... read more

Thomas Constable

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable - Exodus 28:31-35

The robe 28:31-35The high priest also wore this garment. It was his basic garment over which he put the ephod. It covered him completely so his natural nakedness did not appear (cf. Genesis 3:21).God may have intended the pomegranates and bells on the hem of the robe (Exodus 28:33-34) to remind the Israelites of God’s commandments. The pomegranate was probably a symbol of the spiritually nourishing quality of God’s Word (cf. Proverbs 25:11; Psalms 19:8-11; Psalms 119:25; Psalms 119:43; Psalms... read more

John Dummelow

John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 28:1-43

The Priestly Garments1. All Israel is a ’kingdom of priests’ (see on Exodus 19:6), but for the special service of the sanetuary Aaron and his descendants are selected and solemnly consecrated: see Leviticus 8, 9. Nadab and Abihu died (Leviticus 10) and the priesthood was continued in the descendants of Eleazar and Ithamar: see 1 Chronicles 24:1-6, and on Numbers 25:12.2. Holy garments] The garments are holy because they are specially set apart and consecrated for use in the sanctuary. 3. Whom I... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Exodus 28:31-35

3. THE ROBE OF THE EPHOD.(31-35) The “robe of the ephod” was a frock or tunic, reaching from the neck to below the knees. It was put on over the head, for which a hole was left (Exodus 28:32). Josephus says that it had no sleeves; and it would seem that the upper portion, above the waist, was wholly, or almost wholly, concealed by the ephod and breastplate; but the lower portion, from the waist downwards, formed the outer dress of the high priest, and was conspicuous. The plain blue contrasted... read more

Charles John Ellicott

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers - Exodus 28:32

(32) As it were the hole of a habergeon.—Linen corselets, or “habergeons,” were common in Egypt, and were shaped as is here indicated. The word used for “habergeon,” taklărah, is thought to be Egyptian. read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts - Exodus 28:1-43

Exodus 28:15 ; Exodus 28:17 Aaron had to wear upon his breast before the Lord twelve precious stones, not of one sort, but each one reflecting the light differently from his neighbour. There was one nearly black, whatever the diamond thought of him. But all the stones being set equally upon the priest's breast, no one of them might quarrel with another, saying, 'You are quite wrong, you are; you ought to reflect the light as I do. You will never be admitted into the most holy place.' Even... read more

William Nicoll

Expositor's Bible Commentary - Exodus 28:1-43

CHAPTER XXVIII"THE HOLY GARMENTS."Exodus 28:1-43The tabernacle being complete, the priesthood has to be provided for. Its dignity is intimated by the command to Moses to bring his brother Aaron and his sons near to himself (clearly in rank, because the object is defined, "that he may minister unto Me"), and also by the direction to make "holy garments for glory and for beauty." But just as the furniture is treated before the shrine, and again before the courtyard, so the vestments are provided... read more

Arno Clemens Gaebelein

Arno Gaebelein's Annotated Bible - Exodus 28:1-43

CHAPTER 28 The Priesthood 1. Aaron and his sons (Exodus 28:1 ) 2. The garments mentioned (Exodus 28:2-4 ) 3. The ephod (Exodus 28:5-14 ) 4. The breastplate (Exodus 28:15-30 ) 5. The robe of the ephod (Exodus 28:31-35 ) 6. The mitre (Exodus 28:35-38 ) 7. The ordinary garments (Exodus 28:39-43 ) This chapter is still richer in typical lessons, a very few of them we can notice. Two chapters are devoted to the priesthood. Aaron is the type of Christ. The sons of Aaron are types of... read more

L.M. Grant

L. M. Grant's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 28:1-43

GARMENTS FOR THE PRIESTS (vs.1-4) Aaron and his four sons were the priestly family, thus separated from the rest of Israel for this sacred purpose. This select priesthood is a contrast to the New Testament order, for today all true believers are included in the priesthood (1 Peter 2:5). But Aaron, the high priest, is typical of Christ, our Great High Priest, and his sons are typical of believers today in their priestly character. All the garments of the priests were "holy garments," and... read more

James Gray

James Gray's Concise Bible Commentary - Exodus 28:1-43

THE PRIESTLY GARMENTS The abrupt termination of the directions for the tabernacle at the close of the preceding chapter is remarkable; especially as the subject is taken up again at chapter 30. There must be some reason why the intervening chapters are occupied with the priesthood. Some see in this the symbolism of a deep fact. God has in grace come out from His throne in the Holy of Holies through the way He has prepared for Himself in the table of shewbread and the candlestick, to meet man... read more

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