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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 33:12-23

Moses, having returned to the door of the tabernacle, becomes a humble and importunate supplicant there for two very great favours, and as a prince he has power with God, and prevails for both: herein he was a type of Christ the great intercessor, whom the Father heareth always. I. He is very earnest with God for a grant of his presence with Israel in the rest of their march to Canaan, notwithstanding their provocations. The people had by their sin deserved the wrath of God, and for the... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 33:15

And he said unto him ,.... Moses said unto the Lord: if thy presence go not with me ; or with us, as it may be as well supplied, and which agrees with what follows: carry us not up hence ; from the mount to the land of Canaan; though God had promised his presence, which was the thing requested, Moses could not forbear expressing himself after this manner, to show the high esteem he had of this blessing, and how worthless and insignificant everything else was without it; that even... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 33:15

If thy presence go not - הלכים פניך אין אם im ein paneycha holechim , if thy faces do not go - if we have not manifestations of thy peculiar providence and grace, carry us not up hence. Without supernatural assistance, and a most particular providence, he knew that it would be impossible either to govern such a people, or support them in the desert; and therefore he wishes to be well assured on this head, that he may lead them up with confidence, and be able to give them the most... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 33:15

Verse 15 15.And he said unto him, If thy presence go not Moses accepts what is accorded to him, whilst at the same time he signifies that it would be better and more desirable for him to perish in the desert than to go any further without the manifest token of God’s presence; and this he confirms in the following verse, and therefore I have inserted the expletive particle certe (indeed,) although the copula might also be resolved into the causal particle nam (for.) For he declares that the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 33:12-17

Effectual importunity. Our Lord Jesus Christ spake a parable to show "that men ought always to pray and not to faint" ( Luke 18:1 ). The present record is, we may be sure, inserted in the Old Testament for the same purpose. God wills to be importuned. Not, however, for his own sake, but for ours. He would have us fervent and persistent in prayer, for the improvement of our characters, the increase of our faith by exercise, the intensifying of our sense of dependence upon him. Especially... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 33:12-18

The third intercession . Moses on this occasion pleads with God to restore his presence to the people. Very noteworthy are the steps in his entreaty. 1 . He veils his request under the form of a desire to know the divine intentions ( Exodus 33:12 ). Will God go up with them or not? God has not yet told him—will he tell him now? What, underneath this form of expression, the heart of Moses really presses for, is, of course, the assurance that God will go with them. 2 . He urges the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 33:12-23

Intercession and its reward. I. THE INTERCESSOR 'S POWER . 1 . God, who had disowned Israel, and refused to go with them, consents to go with him:—"My presence shall go with thee , and I will give thee rest." The first step in successful intercession for others is the receiving of power to serve God among them. This is the dropping which foretells the shower. 2 . God is brought back by persistent asking into the midst of Israel:—" I will do this thing also that thou... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 33:15-16

And he said . Still Moses is not quite satisfied. God had said—" I will give thee rest"—not " I will give you rest." Moses must see distinctly that the people are associated with him before he desists. So he replies—"If thy presence go not up, carry us not up hence. For wherein shall it be known that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? Is it not in that thou goest with us?" The reply in Exodus 33:17 sets his doubt finally at rest. read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Exodus 33:15-16

Exodus 33:15-16. If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence Let us rather live and die in the wilderness, with thy presence and favour, than go into Canaan without it; for even that promise of rest I regard not unless thou be with us, and accept us. Thus he shows how highly he valued the special presence of God. He dreaded the very thought of going forward without it. For wherein shall it be known To the nations that have their eyes upon us, and to future ages: by what other... read more

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