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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 3:16-22

Moses is here more particularly instructed in his work, and informed beforehand of his success. 1. He must deal with the elders of Israel, and raise their expectation of a speedy removal to Canaan, Exod. 3:16, 17. He must repeat to them what God had said to him, as a faithful ambassador. Note, That which ministers have received of the Lord they must deliver to his people, and keep back nothing that is profitable. Lay an emphasis on that, Exod. 3:17: ?I have said, I will bring you up; that is... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:19

And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go ,.... Or "but" F3 אני "ego autem", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "sed ego", V. L. "I am sure", &c.; though so reasonable a request was made him, yet it would not be granted; this is observed to them, that they might not be discouraged when he should refuse to dismiss them, which the omniscient God knew beforehand, and acquaints them with it, that, when it came to pass, they might be induced to believe that the mission... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:20

And I will stretch out my hand ,.... Or "therefore" F5 ו "ideo", "propterea", Noldius, p. 279. he would stretch out his mighty hand, exert his almighty power; and for this purpose was Pharaoh raised up, and his heart hardened, that God might show his power in him, and on him: and smite Egypt with all my wonders, which I will do in the midst thereof : with those wondrous plagues, the amazing effects of his almighty power, which were wrought by him in the midst of Egypt, by which... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:21

And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians ,.... That is, give the Israelites favour in their sight, a little before their departure, who should be ready to do anything for them, or bestow anything upon them; or however lend them what they would desire, being glad to be at peace with them, or get rid of them, for whose sakes they would perceive all those sore calamities came upon them, they were distressed with: and it shall come to pass, that when ye go, ye shall... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:22

But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house ,.... Or "shall ask" F6 שאלה αιτησει Sept. "postulabit", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Tigurine version, Drusius; "petet", Junius & Tremellius. , desire them to give or lend, what follows; and by this it appears, that the Israelites by reason of their great increase were spread about, and mixed with the Egyptians; and hence it was that there was such a mixed multitude that went up with them out... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:19

I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand - When the facts detailed in this history have been considered in connection with the assertion as it stands in our Bibles, the most palpable contradiction has appeared. That the king of Egypt did let them go, and that by a mighty hand, the book itself amply declares. We should therefore seek for another meaning of the original word. ולא velo , which generally means and not, has sometimes the meaning of if... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:22

Every woman shall borrow - This is certainly not a very correct translation: the original word שאל shaal signifies simply to ask, request, demand, require, inquire, etc.; but it does not signify to borrow in the proper sense of that word, though in a very few places of Scripture it is thus used. In this and the parallel place, Exodus 12:35 , the word signifies to ask or demand, and not to borrow, which is a gross mistake into which scarcely any of the versions, ancient or modern, have... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:19

Verse 19 19.And I am sure that the king of Egypt. God forearms his people, lest, suffering a repulse at their first onset, they should retire, and abandon in despair the work enjoined to them. It was, indeed, a hard thing to hear that their expedition would be vain; and that they might as well address themselves to the trunk of a tree, since there was no hope of reaching the obstinate heart of Pharaoh; but they would have been much more discouraged by this trial, if his stubbornness had been... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:21

Verse 21 21.And I will give this people favor. By this extreme exercise of His bounty He encourages the Israelites to contend and strive more heartily; since otherwise it would be hard for them to struggle with the great cruelty of the king. Therefore He promises them not only liberty, but also abundance of rich and precious things. But, inasmuch as this was hard to believe, that the Egyptians their bitterest enemies would become so kind and liberal as to exert such beneficence towards them,... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 3:22

Verse 22 22.But every woman shall borrow. (47) Those who consider these means of enriching the people to be but little in accordance with the justice of God, themselves reflect but little how widely that justice of which they speak extends. I acknowledge that it is His attribute to defend every one’s rights, to prohibit theft, to condemn deceit and rapine; but let us see what every one’s property is. Who will boast that he has anything, except what is given him by God? And all is given on this... read more

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