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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:1-22

THE MISSION OF MOSES . After forty years of monotonous pastoral life, affording abundant opportunity for meditation, and for spiritual communion with God, and when he had attained to the great age of eighty years, and the hot blood of youth had given place to the calm serenity of advanced life, God at last revealed Himself to Moses "called him" ( Exodus 3:4 ), and gave him a definite mission. The present chapter is' intimately connected with the next. Together, they contain an... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:16-22

The two messages. I. THE MESSAGE TO THE ELDERS OF ISRAEL ( Exodus 3:16-18 ). Moses was to go first to the elders of the people. First—before he went to Pharaoh; and first—before communicating with any of the people. This arrangement was— 1 . Necessary. The people's consent must be obtained to their own deliverance. God would have them co-operate with him— This applies to the higher Redemption. Men cannot be saved without their own consent. We must, in the sense... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:18-22

The coming liberation: God indicates the method of it. In this conversation between God and Moses, recorded in chaps, 3. and 4; we observe that God is occupied with something more than simply answering the questions of Moses. Answering these questions, he then goes on to give his own instructions besides. God's instructions to us, for right service, do not depend on our questions. These must be answered, that stumblingblocks may be taken out of the way; but when they are removed, then we... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:18-22

I. THE REMOVAL OF MOSES ' FEAR . His mission will be successful. 1 . He will win the people's trust for God. They will not refuse to hear. 2 . Their elders will accompany him into Pharaoh's presence: his request will become the people's. 3 . The Lord will lead them out laden with the spoils of Egypt. Going on God's errand there is no possibility of failure. The fears which rise as we measure the greatness of the task and our own strength vanish when we look up into the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:19

I am sure . Literally, " I know," a better rendering, since, " I am sure" implies something leas than knowledge. No, not by a mighty hand . Or "not even by a mighty hand." Pharaoh will not be willing to let you go even when my mighty hand is laid upon him. (See Exodus 8:15 , Exodus 8:19 , Exodus 8:32 ; Exodus 9:12 , Exodus 9:35 ; Exodus 10:20 , Exodus 10:27 .) "But by strong hand" ( marg. ) is a rendering which the rules of grammar do not permit. read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:19-20

Pharaoh's obduracy, and God's mode of overcoming it. There are stubborn hearts which no warnings can impress, no lessons teach, no pleading, even of God's Spirit, bond. With such he "will not always strive." After they have resisted him till his patience is exhausted, he will break them, crush them; overrule their opposition, and make it futile. God's will surely triumphs in the end. But it may be long first. God is so patient, so enduring, so long-suffering, that he will permit for... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:20

I will stretch out my hand . To encourage Moses and the people, to support them in what was, humanly speaking, a most unequal contest, this important promise is made. It is a confirmation, and to some extent, an explanation of the pledge, already, given, "Certainly I will be with thee" ( Exodus 3:12 ). It shows how God would be with him— he would smite Egypt with all his wonders —what those would be was left obscure. He would come to his people's aid, and openly assert himself, and... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:21-22

The "spoiling of the Egyptians" has called forth much bitter comment. (See Kalisch, note on Exodus 3:22 .) It has been termed a combination of "fraud, deception and theft"—"base deceit and nefarious fraud"—"glaring villainy," and the like. The unfortunate translation of a verb meaning "ask" by "borrow" in Exodus 3:22 , has greatly helped the objectors. In reality, what God here commanded and declared was this:—The Israelite women were told on the eve of their departure from Egypt to ask... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:21-22

God brings good out of evil. Had Pharaoh yielded at the first, the Egyptians would have seen the departure of Israel with regret, and would have in no way facilitated it. The opposition of the king and court, the long struggle, the ill-usage of the Israelites by the monarch who so often promised to release them, and so often retracted his word, awoke a sympathy with the Israelites, and an interest in them, which would have been altogether lacking had there been no. Opposition, no struggle,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:22

Borrow . The Hebrew word means simply "ask" ( αἰτήσει , LXX .; postulabit , Vulg.). Of her neighbours. The intermixture to some extent of the Egyptians with the Hebrews in Goshen is here again implied, as in Exodus 1:1-22 and Exodus 2:1-25 . And of her that sojourneth in her house. Some of the Israelites, it would seem, took in Egyptian lodgers superior to them in wealth and rank. This implies more friendly feeling between the two nations than we should have expected; but it... read more

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