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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 3:16-22

Moses is here more particularly instructed in his work, and informed beforehand of his success. 1. He must deal with the elders of Israel, and raise their expectation of a speedy removal to Canaan, Exod. 3:16, 17. He must repeat to them what God had said to him, as a faithful ambassador. Note, That which ministers have received of the Lord they must deliver to his people, and keep back nothing that is profitable. Lay an emphasis on that, Exod. 3:17: ?I have said, I will bring you up; that is... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:20

And I will stretch out my hand ,.... Or "therefore" F5 ו "ideo", "propterea", Noldius, p. 279. he would stretch out his mighty hand, exert his almighty power; and for this purpose was Pharaoh raised up, and his heart hardened, that God might show his power in him, and on him: and smite Egypt with all my wonders, which I will do in the midst thereof : with those wondrous plagues, the amazing effects of his almighty power, which were wrought by him in the midst of Egypt, by which... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:1-22

THE MISSION OF MOSES . After forty years of monotonous pastoral life, affording abundant opportunity for meditation, and for spiritual communion with God, and when he had attained to the great age of eighty years, and the hot blood of youth had given place to the calm serenity of advanced life, God at last revealed Himself to Moses "called him" ( Exodus 3:4 ), and gave him a definite mission. The present chapter is' intimately connected with the next. Together, they contain an... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:16-22

The two messages. I. THE MESSAGE TO THE ELDERS OF ISRAEL ( Exodus 3:16-18 ). Moses was to go first to the elders of the people. First—before he went to Pharaoh; and first—before communicating with any of the people. This arrangement was— 1 . Necessary. The people's consent must be obtained to their own deliverance. God would have them co-operate with him— This applies to the higher Redemption. Men cannot be saved without their own consent. We must, in the sense... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:18-22

The coming liberation: God indicates the method of it. In this conversation between God and Moses, recorded in chaps, 3. and 4; we observe that God is occupied with something more than simply answering the questions of Moses. Answering these questions, he then goes on to give his own instructions besides. God's instructions to us, for right service, do not depend on our questions. These must be answered, that stumblingblocks may be taken out of the way; but when they are removed, then we... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:18-22

I. THE REMOVAL OF MOSES ' FEAR . His mission will be successful. 1 . He will win the people's trust for God. They will not refuse to hear. 2 . Their elders will accompany him into Pharaoh's presence: his request will become the people's. 3 . The Lord will lead them out laden with the spoils of Egypt. Going on God's errand there is no possibility of failure. The fears which rise as we measure the greatness of the task and our own strength vanish when we look up into the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:19-20

Pharaoh's obduracy, and God's mode of overcoming it. There are stubborn hearts which no warnings can impress, no lessons teach, no pleading, even of God's Spirit, bond. With such he "will not always strive." After they have resisted him till his patience is exhausted, he will break them, crush them; overrule their opposition, and make it futile. God's will surely triumphs in the end. But it may be long first. God is so patient, so enduring, so long-suffering, that he will permit for... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 3:20

I will stretch out my hand . To encourage Moses and the people, to support them in what was, humanly speaking, a most unequal contest, this important promise is made. It is a confirmation, and to some extent, an explanation of the pledge, already, given, "Certainly I will be with thee" ( Exodus 3:12 ). It shows how God would be with him— he would smite Egypt with all his wonders —what those would be was left obscure. He would come to his people's aid, and openly assert himself, and... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 3:13-22

The God of Israel (3:13-22)If Moses was to present himself to the people of Israel as the one who would lead them out of Egypt, he would need to convince them that he knew God’s purposes for them. But he doubted whether they would understand, since they did not know the character of him whom they vaguely called the God of their ancestors. In asking God for help in explaining his purposes to them, Moses was wanting to know not simply the name of God, but the character of the God who owned that... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 3:19-20

"And I know that the king of Egypt will not give you leave to go, no, not by a mighty hand, And I will put forth my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof and after that he will let you go."In this passage, God briefed Moses regarding the ultimate success of the whole mission. Such knowledge was necessary for Moses who would, therefore, as a result, know EXACTLY what would happen at each step of the long and difficult confrontation with Pharaoh. God left... read more

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