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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Exodus 6:1-9

Here, I. God silences Moses's complaints with the assurance of success in this negotiation, repeating the promise made him in Exod. 3:20; After that, he will let you go. When Moses was at his wit's end, wishing he had staid in Midian, rather than have come to Egypt to make bad worse?when he was quite at a loss what to do?Then the Lord said unto Moses, for the quieting of his mind, ?Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh (Exod. 6:1); now that the affair has come to a crisis, things are as... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 6:2

And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord. Or Jehovah, the self-existent Being, the Being of beings, the everlasting I am, the unchangeable Jehovah, true, firm, and constant to his promises, ever to be believed, and always to be depended on. read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 6:3

And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty ,.... Able to fulfil all his purposes, promises, and covenant, with whom nothing is impossible; or Elshaddai, God all-sufficient, who has a sufficiency of happiness in himself, and everything to supply the wants of his creatures in things temporal and spiritual, see Genesis 17:1 , but by my name Jehovah was I not known to them ; which he had in the preceding verse called himself by. This is not to be... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 6:4

And I have also established my covenant with them ,.... With Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and with their posterity, so that it is sure and firm, and shall never be made null and void: to give them the land of Canaan ; or to their children, which were as themselves: the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers ; not being in actual possession of any part of it, but lived as pilgrims and strangers in it, as their posterity now did in another land not theirs; see Hebrews... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Exodus 6:5

And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel ,.... For the Lord is not only the eternal and immutable Being in his purposes and promises, and a covenant keeping God; but he is compassionate and merciful, and sympathizes with his people in all their afflictions; he takes notice of their sighs and groans, as he now did those of his people in Egypt: whom the Egyptians keep in bondage ; and which was the reason of their groaning; their bondage being so hard and rigorous, in... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 6:2

I am the Lord - It should be, I am Jehovah, and without this the reason of what is said in the 3d verse is not sufficiently obvious. read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 6:3

By the name of God Almighty - שדי אל EL - Shaddal , God All-sufficient; God the dispenser or pourer-out of gifts. See Clarke on Genesis 17:1 ; (note). But by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them - This passage has been a sort of crux criticorum , and has been variously explained. It is certain that the name Jehovah was in use long before the days of Abraham, see Genesis 2:4 , where the words אלהים יהוה Jehovah Elohim occur, as they do frequently afterwards; and see ... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 6:4

I have also established my covenant - I have now fully purposed to give present effect to all my engagements with your fathers, in behalf of their posterity. read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 6:2

Verse 2 2.And God spake. God pursues His address, that Moses may again uplift the fainting courage of the people. Moreover, He rebukes their distrust, by recalling the memory of His covenant; for if this had been duly impressed upon their minds, they would have been much more firm in their expectation of deliverance. He therefore shews that He has now advanced nothing new; since they had heard long ago from the Patriarchs that they were chosen by God as His peculiar people, and had almost... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Exodus 6:4

Verse 4 4.And I have also established my covenant. The hope of the deliverance which He had formerly promised, and which the Patriarchs had expected, He confirms by alluding to the covenant, as I have just above said; and the particle גם, gam, which is twice repeated, is, in the first case, causal, in the second, illative, as much as to say, “Since I covenanted with your fathers, therefore I have now determined to bring you into the land of Canaan;” unless it be preferred to resolve it thus,... read more

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