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Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 7:3

Heart-hardening. On this subject, see above, and on Exodus 4:21 . The present seems an appropriate place for a somewhat fuller treatment. I. HARDENING AS PROCEEDING FROM GOD . " I will harden Pharaoh's heart." This, assuredly, is more than simple permission. God hardens the heart— 1 . Through the operation of the laws of our moral constitution , These laws, of which God is the author, and through which he operates in the soul, ordain hardening as the penalty of... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Exodus 7:3-5

The fierceness of man turns to God's praise. The most signal triumphs of Divine power are those in which the resistance to it is the most determined. The greatest of all victories was probably that which was gained when—after "war in heaven"—Satan was seen, like lightning, falling from heaven to earth. Since then, great triumphs, tending to God's praise, occur whenever the right and the truth succeed against seemingly insuperable opposition. When the boy shepherd with his sling and stone... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Exodus 7:3

Wonders - A word used only of portents performed to prove a divine interposition; they were the credentials of God’s messengers. read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Exodus 7:1-13

Forecast of coming judgment (6:28-7:13)Before Moses approached Pharaoh to give him a final opportunity to release Israel, God reminded Moses that not just Pharaoh but the whole Egyptian nation was under the threat of judgment. People and king alike were stubbornly opposed to Yahweh and were devoted followers of Yahweh’s enemies, the Egyptian gods (6:28-7:7; cf. 9:27; 12:12).These were gods of nature and were therefore connected with the river Nile, on which Egypt depended entirely for its water... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 7:1-2

THE DELIVERANCE OF ISRAEL (Exodus 7-14)"And Jehovah said unto Moses, See, I have made thee as God to Pharaoh; and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. Thou shalt speak all that I command thee; and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.""I have made thee as God to Pharaoh ..." This endowed Moses with full authority to address Pharaoh as an equal, not as a subordinate. The contrast between the first confrontation and this one is... read more

James Burton Coffman

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible - Exodus 7:3-5

"And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh will not hearken unto you, and I will lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth my hosts, my people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. And the Egyptians shall know that I am Jehovah, when I stretch forth my hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.""I will harden Pharaoh's heart ..." The mention of this here does not mean that God... read more

Thomas Coke

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible - Exodus 7:2

Exodus 7:2. Thou shalt speak all that I command thee— That is, thou shalt speak it to Aaron, and Aaron shall speak it to Pharaoh. This explains the former verse. read more

Robert Jamieson; A. R. Fausset; David Brown

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Exodus 7:3

3. I will harden Pharaoh's heart—This would be the result. But the divine message would be the occasion, not the cause of the king's impenitent obduracy. read more

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