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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Ezra 1:1-4

It will be proper for us here to consider, 1. What was the state of the captive Jews in Babylon. It was upon many accounts very deplorable; they were under the power of those that hated them, had nothing they could call their own; they had no temple, no altar; if they sang psalms, their enemies ridiculed them; and yet they had prophets among them. Ezekiel and Daniel were kept distinct from the heathen. Some of them were preferred at court, others had comfortable settlements in the country, and... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Ezra 1:3

Who is there among you of all his people? .... The people of God, the Israelites, as well of the ten tribes, as of the two of Judah and Benjamin; for this edict was published throughout all his dominions, where were the one as well as the other: his God be with him ; to incline his heart to go, to protect him in his journey, and succeed and prosper him in what he goes about: and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the Lord God of Israel, he is the God... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Ezra 1:1-4

1. Its promulgation by a heathen king, spontaneously as it would seem; 2. Its recognition of a single supreme God, "the Lord God of heaven;" 3. Its declaration that the supreme God had "charged" the king to rebuild the temple at Jerusalem; and 4. Its actual origination in a "stir" of the king's spirit by God himself. The secret government of the world by Jehovah is, in part, opened to us, and we see how great political events, anteriorly improbable, are brought about by his... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Ezra 1:1-11

The wide reach of the rule of God. We are accustomed to pray that the kingdom of God may come; we desire, and therefore ask, that men may offer themselves in willing subjection to the service of their Divine Sovereign. For this we must labour and pray, and always shall do so the more earnestly as we ourselves are the more unreservedly subject to his benign and gracious rule. Meantime there is a sense in which God's rule is a present thing. The kingdom of God is among us; the arms of his... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Ezra 1:1-11

The beginning of a great religious movement. Israel had experienced long bondage in a foreign land under a heathen king; this would have a beneficial influence. 1. It would tend to cultivate within them a right view of the sorrow consequent upon sin. Their captivity was a punishment for idolatry. Sin sends men into slavery. 2. It would tend to cultivate within them a right view of the external in religion. Solomon's temple was the pride of Israel. They prided themselves in the... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Ezra 1:2-4

The edict. When the proclamation, which captive Israel had heard of with such interest and expectation, came to be examined, what was it found to contain? Besides a proper preamble, showing in whose name and by whose authority it was issued, three principal things; viz., 1. a remarkable confession; 2. a satisfactory permission; and 3. a considerate command. I. A REMARKABLE CONFESSION . A confession or acknowledgment— 1. Of Jehovah's existence. Cyrus, brought up... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Ezra 1:3

Who (is there) among you of all his people? Cyrus does not limit his address to the Jews, or even to Judah and Benjamin, but extends it to the whole people of Jehovah, i.e. to all the tribes equally. Gozan and Media, to which the ten tribes had been transported by the Assyrian monarchs, were within his dominions no less than Babylonia. That many non-Jewish Israelites did return appears from 1 Chronicles 9:3 . His God be with him. A pious wish, almost a blessing, indicative of the... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Ezra 1:3

Ezra 1:3. Who is there among you of all his people? Not of the tribe of Judah only, but of Israel also, who were under his government, the Assyrians and Medes, among whom they were scattered, being his subjects. Accordingly Josephus says, that Zerubbabel sent the edict of Cyrus into Media to the rest of the tribes. His God be with him Let his God help him, as I also shall; and let him go up to Jerusalem Thus he not only makes a proclamation to them of liberty to go to their own country,... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Ezra 1:1-11

1:1-2:70 ZERUBBABEL’S RETURNCyrus had been ruler of Persia for some time before he conquered Babylon in 539 BC. His policy was, when he conquered a nation, to allow any people held captive by that nation to return to their homeland. Therefore, soon after he conquered Babylon (i.e. in his first year as the Jews’ new ruler) he gave permission for the Jews to return to Jerusalem (1:1-4). Jeremiah’s prophecy made seventy years earlier had come true: the Jews were released from Babylon’s power to... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Ezra 1:3

Who is there . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 . build = rebuild. read more

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