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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 28:1-5

Jacob had no sooner obtained the blessing than immediately he was forced to flee from his country; and, as it if were not enough that he was a stranger and sojourner there, he must go to be more so, and no better than an exile, in another country. Now Jacob fled into Syria, Hos. 12:12. He was blessed with plenty of corn and wine, and yet he went away poor, was blessed with government, and yet went out to service, a hard service. This was, 1. Perhaps to correct him for his dealing fraudulently... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 28:3

And God Almighty bless thee ,.... This is not a new blessing, distinct from that in Genesis 28:1 , but the same; there it is expressed in general, here the particulars of it are given; and by which it appears, that Isaac's blessing Jacob was a prayer, wishing a blessing from God upon him, and was the prayer of faith, delivered out under the spirit of prophecy; and they are blessed indeed that are blessed of God, and they must needs be blessed who are blessed by the Almighty; for what is it... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 28:3

That thou mayest be a multitude of people - עמים לקהל likhal ammim . There is something very remarkable in the original words: they signify literally for an assembly, congregation, or church of peoples; referring no doubt to the Jewish Church in the wilderness, but more particularly to the Christian Church, composed of every kindred, and nation, and people, and tongue. This is one essential part of the blessing of Abraham. See Genesis 28:4 . read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 28:3

Verse 3 3.And God Almighty bless thee. Here follows the form of benediction, which slightly differs in words from the former, but nevertheless tends to the same end. First, he desires that Jacob should be blessed by God; that is, that he should be so increased and amplified in his own offspring, as to grow into a multitude of nations; or, in other words, that he should produce many people who might combine into one body under the same head; as if he had said, Let there arise from thee many... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 28:1-9

Jacob and Esau, or diverging paths. I. JACOB 'S JOURNEY TO PADAN - ARAM . 1. The path of duty . Entered on in obedience to his mother's wish and his father's commandment, it was an e vide nce of filial piety. It is the token of a good son that he "hears the instruction of his father, and forsakes not the taw of his mother" ( Proverbs 1:8 ). Sons come to mature age should respect and, where not inconsistent with allegiance to God, yield submission to parental... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 28:1-9

Life with, and life without, God. The divergence of the two representative men is seen in this short statement of their marriage relations. 1. Domestic life under the blessing of God and apart from that blessing. 2. The true blessing is the blessing of Abraham, the blessing which God has already provided, promised, and secured. 3. The heir of the blessing must be sent away and learn by experience how to use it. 4. The disinherited man, who has scorned his opportunity,... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 28:3

And God Almighty —El Shaddai ( vide Genesis 17:1 )— bless thee ,—the Abrahamic benediction in its fullest form was given by El Shaddai ( vide Genesis 17:1-8 )— and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be —literally, and thou shalt become (or grow to)— a multitude —an assembly, or congregation, or crowd called together, from a root signifying to call together (Gesenius), or to sweep up together (Furst); corresponding to ἐκκλησία in Greek— of people. read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 28:1-22

- Jacob’s Journey to Haran3. קהל qâhāl, “congregation.”9. מחלת māchălat, Machalath, “sickness, or a harp.”19. לוּז lûz, Luz, “almond.”The blessing of his sons was the last passage in the active life of Isaac, after which he retires from the scene. Jacob now becomes the leading figure in the sacred history. His spiritual character has yet come out to view. But even now we can discern the general distinction in the lives of the three patriarchs. Abraham’s is a life of authority and decision;... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 28:1-9

Jacob receives Isaac’s blessing (26:34-28:9)The custom in ancient times was for the father of the household to confirm the birthright on his firstborn son by giving his special blessing just before he died. People considered this blessing to be more than just a promise; they saw it as a prophecy that carried God’s favour. Isaac knew that God’s will was for Jacob, not Esau, to receive the firstborn’s blessing (see 25:23). Yet he was determined to give the blessing to Esau, even though Esau, by... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Genesis 28:3

And. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton in verses: Gen 28:28 , Genesis 28:3 and Genesis 28:4 ( App-6 ), marking 4 items in blessing. See App-10 . GOD ALMIGHTY. EI Shaddai. See App-4 . multitude: or convocation. Hebrew. kahal. First occurance. Occurs 123 times: rendered "multitude" 3, "assembly" 17, "congregation" 86, "company" 17. "Compare Genesis 49:6 . Psalms 22:22 , Psalms 22:25 . people. Hebrew peoples. read more

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