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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Galatians 3:19-92

The apostle having just before been speaking of the promise made to Abraham, and representing that as the rule of our justification, and not the law, lest they should think he did too much derogate from the law, and render it altogether useless, he thence takes occasion to discourse of the design and tendency of it, and to acquaint us for what purposes it was given. It might be asked, ?If that promise be sufficient for salvation, wherefore then serveth the law? Or, Why did God give the law by... read more

William Barclay

William Barclay's Daily Study Bible - Galatians 3:23-29

3:23-29 Before faith came we were under guard under the power of the law, shut up and waiting for the day when faith would be revealed. So that the law was really our tutor to bring us to Christ so that we might get into a right relationship with God by means of faith. But now that faith has come we are no longer under a tutor; for you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. As many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is no longer any distinction... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Galatians 3:24

Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster unto Christ ,.... So the words should be read, as they are by the Syriac and Ethiopic versions; for the words "to bring us" are a supplement of our translators, and have nothing to answer to them in the original; and the sense of the passage is, that the law performed this office of a schoolmaster until the coming of Christ; which shows that till that time the church was in its minority, that the Jews were but children in knowledge and understanding,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Galatians 3:24

The law was our schoolmaster - Ὁ νομος παιδαγωγος ἡμων γεγονεν εις Χριστον· The law was our pedagogue unto Christ. The παιδαγωγος , pedagogue, is not the schoolmaster, but the servant who had the care of the children to lead them to and bring them back from school, and had the care of them out of school hours. Thus the law did not teach us the living, saving knowledge; but, by its rites and ceremonies, and especially by its sacrifices, it directed us to Christ, that we might be... read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Galatians 3:24

Verse 24 24.Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster This is the second comparison, which still more clearly expresses Paul’s design. A schoolmaster is not appointed for the whole life, but only for childhood, as the etymology of the Greek word παιδαγωγός implies. (63) Besides, in training a child, the object is to prepare him, by the instructions of childhood, for maturer years. The comparison applies in both respects to the law, for its authority was limited to a particular age, and its whole... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Galatians 3:21-25

The Law designed to be subservient to the promise. Though the Law is inferior to the promise in the four points already suggested, it is not antagonistic to it. I. THE LAW IS NOT ANTAGONISTIC TO THE PROMISE . "Is the Law against the promises of God? God forbid." 1 . The Law and the promise are equally of Divine origin — two distinct parts of the Divine plan, each part with its own distinct purpose to be carried out inside the Divine plan. The distinction between... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Galatians 3:23-29

The Law-school and the home-coming. Paul, in the present section, pursues the thought of the purpose of Law. It is the tutor to convey certain lessons to the soul and to secure thereby the soul's return to the Father and the home. Let us look at the interesting line of thought thus given. I. THE LAW - SCHOOL . ( Galatians 3:23 , Galatians 3:24 .) The idea was once entertained that the Law, as παιδαγωγός , meant the slave who was entrusted with the guidance of the child... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Galatians 3:23-29

Before and after faith. I. BEFORE FAITH CAME . "But before faith came." The faith which is here brought into prominence is that which was historically manifested when Christ came. Faith existed before Christianity, as is evident from the eleventh of Hebrews. There was trust in the Divine word. But the attitude toward Christ was that of expectancy. "We who had before hoped in Christ." It had been faith along with the observance of the Mosaic Law. But when the gospel of salvation was... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Galatians 3:24

Wherefore the Law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ ( ὥστε ὁ νόμος παιδαγωγὸς ἡμῶν γέγονεν εἰς χριστόν ) wherefore the Law hath been the keeper of our childhood to keep us unto Christ. With St. Paul, ὥστε , so that, frequently is used to introduce a sentence which is not dependent in construction on the preceding words, but is one which makes a fresh departure as if with the adverbial conjunction " wherefore ," or "so then." Thus Galatians 3:9 ; ... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Galatians 3:24-25

The tutor. The image of the Law as a tutor would apply directly to the condition of the Jews, to whom the Levitical system was given in their religious childhood in order to prepare them for the privileges of sonship which Christ was to confer. But what was true of them is more or less true of all of us. For the religious history of Israel is just an emphasized epitome of the religious history of the race. Through longer ages, by more obscure methods, in spite of more grievous lapses, God... read more

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