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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 10:6-14

That which is observable and improvable in these verses is the account here given of Nimrod, Gen. 10:8-10. He is here represented as a great man in his day: He began to be a mighty one in the earth, that is, whereas those that went before him were content to stand upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bore rule in his own house yet no man pretended any further, Nimrod's aspiring mind could not rest here; he was resolved to tower above his neighbours, not only to be... read more

Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 10:15-20

Observe here, 1. The account of the posterity of Canaan, of the families and nations that descended from him, and of the land they possessed, is more particular than of any other in this chapter, because these were the nations that were to be subdued before Israel, and their land was in process of time to become the holy land, Immanuel's land; and this God had an eye to when, in the mean time, he cast the lot of that accursed devoted race in that spot of ground which he had selected for his... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:11

Out of that land went forth Ashur ,.... It is a question whether Ashur is the name of a man or of a country; some take it in the latter sense, and render the words, "and out of that land he went forth into Assyria"; so Onkelos; and in this way go Junius and Tremellius, Piscator, Bochart, Cocceius, and others, and the margin of our Bible, and interpret it of Nimrod; and the Targum of Jonathan is express for him, which is this:"out of that land went forth Nimrod, and reigned in Assyria,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:12

And Resen, between Nineveh and Calah ,.... This was another city built by Ashur, situated between those two cities mentioned: the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem call it Talsar, or Thalassar, see Isaiah 37:12 The conjecture of Bochart F2 Phaleg. l. 4. c. 23. is more probable, that it is the Larissa of Xenophon, situated on the Tigris; though Junius thinks it is either Bassora, or Belcina, which Ptolemy F3 Ut supra. (Geograph. l. 5. c. 19.) places on the Tigris, near Nineveh: ... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:13

And Mizraim begat Ludim ,.... Mizraim was the second son of Ham, of whom See Gill on Genesis 10:6 . Ludim he is said to beget, the word being plural, is not the name of a man, but of his posterity; and the sense is, that Mizraim begat the father of the Ludim, whose name very probably was Lud, which name is preserved in Isaiah 66:19 . These Ludim are the same with the Lydians, Jeremiah 46:9 and whose country is called Lydia, Ezekiel 30:5 but to be distinguished from Lydia in Asia... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:14

And Pathrusim ,.... These are other descendants of Mizraim, the name of whose father very probably was Pathros, from whom the country of Pathros was called, and which is not only spoken of in Scripture along with Egypt, but as a part of it, Isaiah 11:11 and these Pathrusim were doubtless the inhabitants of it; which, as Bochart F21 Phaleg. l. 4. c. 31. has shown, is no other than Thebais, or the upper Egypt. Hillerus F23 Onomastic. Sacr. p. 161, 585. takes the word to be... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:15

And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn ,.... Canaan is the fourth son of Ham; the posterity of Phut, his third son, are omitted: the firstborn of Canaan was Sidon, from whom the city of Sidon had its name, being either built by himself, who called it after his own name, or by some of his posterity, who called it so in memory of their ancestor: it was a very ancient city, more ancient than Tyre, for that was built by the Sidonians; Homer makes mention of it, but not of Tyre: it is now called... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:16

And the Jebusite ,.... Who had their name from Jebus, a third son of Canaan, and from whom Jerusalem was called Jebus, Judges 19:10 and where his posterity continued to dwell when the land of Canaan was possessed by the Israelites; for they were so strong and powerful, that the men of Judah could not drive them out from thence, and here they remained until the times of David, who dispossessed them of it, Joshua 15:63 . There is an island near Spain, formerly called Ebusus, now Ibissa,... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:17

And the Hivite ,.... These dwelt in Hermon, a part of Mount Lebanon from Mount Baal Hermon unto the entering in of Hamath, Joshua 11:3 to the east of the land of Canaan; hence they were sometimes called Kadmonites, or Easterlings, Genesis 15:19 and are thought to have their name from dwelling in holes and caves like serpents; hence Cadmus the Phoenician, and his wife Hermonia, who seem to have their names from hence, are reported to be turned into serpents, they being Hivites, which this... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:18

And the Arvadite ,.... The inhabitants of Arvad, or Aradus, an island in the Phoenician sea; it is mentioned with Sidon, Ezekiel 27:8 so Josephus says F17 Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 2. , the Arudaeans possessed the island Aradus: it is about a league distant from the shore; Strabo F18 Geograph. l. 16. p. 518. says it is twenty furlongs from land, and about seven in circumference, and is said to be built by the Sidonians; it is now, as Mr. Maundrel F19 Journey from Aleppo,... read more

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