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Matthew Henry

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary - Genesis 10:21-32

Two things especially are observable in this account of the posterity of Shem:? I. The description of Shem, v. 21. We have not only his name, Shem, which signifies a name, but two titles to distinguish him by:? 1. He was the father of all the children of Eber. Eber was his great grandson; but why should he be called the father of all his children, rather than of all Arphaxad?s, or Salah?s, etc.? Probably because Abraham and his seed, God's covenant-people, not only descended from Heber, but... read more

John Gill

John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:21

Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber ,.... And for the sake of those Shem is particularly said to be the father of, is this genealogy given, and indeed the whole book of Genesis wrote: Eber was the great-grandson of Shem, and is here spoken of by anticipation, and Shem is called not the father of either of his immediate sons, but of the posterity of this man; because the Hebrews sprung from him in his line, among whom the church of God and the true religion were preserved,... read more

Adam Clarke

Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 10:21

Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber - It is generally supposed that the Hebrews derived their name from Eber or Heber, son of Shem; but it appears much more likely that they had it from the circumstance of Abraham passing over (for so the word עבר abar signifies) the river Euphrates to come into the land of Canaan. See the history of Abraham, Genesis 14:13 ; (note). read more

John Calvin

John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible - Genesis 10:21

Verse 21 21.Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber. Moses, being about to speak of the sons of Shem, makes a brief introduction, which he had not done in reference to the others. Nor was it without reason; for since this was the race chosen by God, he wished to sever it from other nations by some special mark. This also is the reason why he expressly styles him the ‘father of the sons of Eber,’ and the elder brother of Japheth. (320) For the benediction of Shem does not descend... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 10:1-32

PART II . THE POST - DILUVIAN AGE OF THE WORLD . CH . 10:1-11:26. FROM THE DELUGE TO THE CALL OF ABRAM . § 5. THE GENERATIONS or THE SONS OF NOAH ( CH . 10:1-11:9). I. THE historical credibility of the present section has been challenged. 1. On account of a fancied resemblance to the ethnographic mythologies of Greece, the genealogical table of the nations has been relegated to the category of fictitious invention. It has been assigned by... read more

Spence, H. D. M., etc.

The Pulpit Commentary - Genesis 10:21

Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber ,—as Ham of Canaan ( Genesis 9:22 ; vide Genesis 9:24 )— the brother of Japheth the elder. Either the eldest brother of Japheth (Syriac, Arabic, Vulgate, Gesenius, Rosenmüller, Kalisch); or the brother of Japheth who was older ( LXX ; Symmachus, Onkelos, Raschi, Aben Ezra, Luther, Clerieus, Michaelis, Dathe); or the elder of Japheth's brothers, as distinguished from Ham the younger, i.e. the son who was older than Ham, But... read more

Albert Barnes

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible - Genesis 10:21-32

- XXXIII. Shem21. אבר 'eber, “‘Eber, yonder side; verb: pass, cross.”22. עילם 'eylām, “‘Elam.” עוּל ‛ûl, “suckle.” עלם ‛ālam, “hide; be mature.” ארפכשׁד 'arpakshad, “Arpakshad.” כשׂד ארף 'arp keśed, “boundary of Kesed, or (von-Bohlen) Arjapakshata, beside Aria.” ארם 'ǎrām, “Aram, high; verb: be high.”23. עוּץ ‛ûts, “‘Uts; verb: counsel; be firm, solid.” חוּל chûl, “Chul; verb: rub, twist, writhe, be strong, await.” גתר geter, “Gether, bridge?” משׁ meshek, “Mash; related: feel,... read more

Joseph Benson

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments - Genesis 10:21

Genesis 10:21. Unto Shem, &c. The word Shem signifies a name; but two titles are also added whereby to distinguish him: 1st, He was the father of all the children of Eber. Eber was his great-grandson; but why should he be called the father of all his children, rather than of all Arphaxad’s or Salah’s? Probably because Abraham and his seed, from Eber, were called Hebrews. Eber himself, we may suppose, was a man eminent for religion in a time of general apostacy; and the holy... read more

Donald C. Fleming

Bridgeway Bible Commentary - Genesis 10:1-32

10:1-11:26 GENEALOGIES FROM NOAH TO ABRAMNations descended from Noah (10:1-32)This genealogy must have been written hundreds of years after the time of Noah, when his descendants had multiplied and moved to many places. By that time differences in language, race and culture were noticeable. The purpose of the listing here is to trace the origin of these groups, not to name every single descendant of Noah.Again the genealogy is simplified, being based on a selection of seventy descendants. Most... read more

E.W. Bullinger

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes - Genesis 10:21

Shem: comes last (ace. to the Structure, which is an Introversion) because his "Generations" occupy the rest of the book. Hence when mentioned with the other two, Shem the youngest comes first. See note Genesis 5:32 ; Genesis 9:24 ; Genesis 10:1 . the elder , See Genesis 5:32 . Shem (N.T. Sem) was the seed-line that Christ would come through (Luke 3:36 ). read more

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